Now updated for CSW19. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.
|a tightly-woven camel-hair fabric or tunic, worn by Arabs.
|a plant of the mallow family. [Arabic aubutilun].
|an unburnt brick dried in the sun.
|in Arabian mythology, an evil spirit or giant monster.
|a kind of fish, like a tunny. [Arabic al buhr, the young camel].
|the universal solvent sought by alchemists.
|a vessel of porous earthenware, used for cooling liquids by evaporation from the exterior surface.
|a kind of large water bird. [Arabic 'the diver'].
|a fortress; also, a royal palace. [Arabic al-kasr, the castle].
|a vaulted or arched recess in a room-wall, formerly esp. one for a bed. [Arabic al-kubba, the vault].
|alembic limbec limbeck
|an ancient distilling apparatus.
|mixed wool and silk or mohair and cotton fabric. [Arabic 'from Aleppo'].
|a N. African esparto grass.
|alfaki alfaqui alfaquin
|a Muslim expounder of the law.
|a kind of cereal grass. [Arabic 'green fodder'].
|a standard-bearer. [Arabic 'one skilled in fighting on horseback'].
|a saddlebag. [Arabic al-kurj, the saddlebag].
|algaroba algarroba algarrobo
|the carob, a leguminous tree of the Mediterranean region; also, its edible beans or pods.
|the art of calculating, especially in Arabic numeration; arithmetic.
|an inferior officer of justice in Spain.
|a revolving index on astrolabe or other instrument for reading gradations.
|an Arabic letter, corresponding to Greek ALEPH.
|a coloring principle found in madder, and now produced artificially from anthracene.
|a wild flower; a reddish plant-based dye obtained from this.
|alma almah alme almeh
|an Egyptian dancing-girl.
|a circle of altitude, parallel to the horizon.
|a textbook or handbook, especially dealing with astronomy.
|a pear-shaped earthenware or glass pot, open at both ends so that a series could be fitted one above another, formerly used in sublimation.
|ameer amir emir emeer
|an Eastern ruler.
|ameerate amirate emirate emeerate
|the office of AMEER, an Eastern ruler.
|indigo, the plant or dye.
|an Egyptian symbol of life, resembling a looped cross. It was later adapted by Coptic Christians as their cross.
|araba arba aroba
|a heavy screened wagon used by Tatars and others.
|a spirit made from TODDY.
|an Egyptian dry measure.
|a Moroccan timber-tree; its oil-bearing seed.
|a kind of mountain gazelle native to Arabia.
|a thick plain silk, generally black, and used for clerical.
|an E. African soldier or policeman.
|assagai assegaai assegai
|a slender spear of hard wood tipped with iron; (verb) to kill or stab with this.
|an alchemist's self-feeding digesting furnace. [Arabic at-tannur, the baker's oven].
|an Iranian religious leader.
|the Muslim call to prayer, made five times a day by a MUEZZIN.
|the angle a celestial object makes from due north, when measured in an eastwards direction along the horizon.
|an alchemist's name for mercury. [Arabic az-zaug, quicksilver].
|a monetary unit of Oman. [Arabic from Hindi paisa].
|a sheepskin roughly tanned and undressed. [Ar. bitanah, lining].
|an official declaration
|a form of marriage in Sri Lanka, in which the man goes to live with his wife's relatives. [Arabic binah, separate].
|cannabis, Indian hemp, used as a weak narcotic.
|in the name of Allah.
|the seed of the nicker, a tropical leguminous tree. [Arabic bonduq].
|a Tunisian deep-fried pastry
|an Indian bird.
|burnoose burnous burnouse
|a cape with a hood worn by Arabs.
|cabob kabab kabob kebab kebob
|small pieces of cooked meat on a skewer; (verb) to cook like this.
|cadi kadi qadi
|a civil judge in a Muslim country. [Arabic qadi, a judge].
|caffila cafila kafila
|a caravan, caravan-train. [Arabic qafilah].
|caid kaid qaid
|a Muslim leader.
|calif caliph kalif kaliph
|an Eastern ruler. [Arabic khalifah, successor].
|califate caliphate khalifat khilafat
|the office, dignity, or government of a caliph or of the caliphs.
|camese camise camisa camisia
|a loose shirt or tunic, as worn by Arabs.
|an Arab unit of weight.
|the sweet-flavoured seed of an evergreen tree, also called locust bean. [Arabic kharrubah]. Cf. ALGARROBA.
|a castle or fortress in a North African town.
|a kind of fern. [ML. ceterach, from Arabic shitarakh].
|a marinade containing onion, coriander, and parsley, used in N. African cookery.
|a shallow saline lake of northern Africa; the dried bed of such a lake. [Arabic satt shore, strand].
|a gang of slaves tied together; (verb) to chain slaves together. [Arabic qafilah].
|polishing rouge; a reddish brown oxide of iron, used in polishing glass, and also as a pigment. [Arabic qolqotar].
|couscous couscousou kouskous
|a kind of food used by the natives of Western Africa, made of millet flour with flesh, and leaves of the baobab.
|the pungent berry of a S.E. Asian shrub of the pepper family, used in medicine and cookery.
|the plant that yields TURMERIC. [Arabic kurkum].
|dahabeah dahabeeah dahabiah dahabiya dahabiyah dahabieh dahabiyeh
|a Nile sailing boat.
|a small herbivorous mammal of the genus Hyrax.
|dari durr doura dura durra dhurra dhourra dourah
|the process of educating non-believers about Islam
|derham dirham dirhem
|an Oriental unit of weight.
|a Sufi religious ceremony.
|a non-Muslim subject of a state governed in accordance with sharia law.
|a lateen-rigged oriental craft.
|a jackal of N. Africa.
|a white long-sleeved collarless garment worn by some Muslim men
|a hill, a range of mountains.
|djellaba djellabah galabeah gallabea gallabeah gallabia gallabiah gallabieh gallabiya gallabiyeh galabea gallabiyah galabia galabiah jelab jellaba galabiyah
|an Arab cloak with a hood and wide sleeves.
|djibbah jubhah jibba jibbah jubbah
|a long loose outer garment worn by Muslims.
|djin djinn jin jinn ginn jinni genii genies
|a class of spirits in Muslim theology.
|djinni djinny jinnee genie
|one of a class of spirits in Muslim theology.
|a religious ceremony where a sheik or dervishes rode on horseback over the prostrate bodies of his followers.
|douar duar dowar
|a circular Arab encampment.
|a kind of African palm tree.
|an interpreter or guide in Eastern countries > DRAGOMANS or DRAGOMEN.
|a deciduous tree of the euphorbia family, native to tropical Asia, a kind of MYROBALAN. [Arabic amlaj, from Persian amleh].
|fakeer fakir faqir faquir
|a Hindu ascetic. [Arabic fakir, poor (man)].
|a deep-fried ball of ground chick-peas.
|an irrigation channel, esp. in Oman > AFLAJ. [Arabic 'stream'].
|fatwa fatwah fetwa
|an Islamic religious decree issued by the ULAMA; (verb, not FETWA) to issue a fatwa FATWAED.
|an Arab commando, esp. one involved in the conflict against Israel > FEDAYEEN.
|a peasant or cultivator of the soil among the Egyptians, Syrians, etc > FELLAHS or FELLAHIN.
|the desert fox.
|the handleless coffee cup which fits within a ZARF.
|a state of trouble or chaos.
|gazal ghazal ghazel
|a Persian verse-form.
|a kind of baboon, remarkable for the length of the hair on the neck and shoulders of the adult male. [Arabic qilada, collar].
|a Muslim warrior who has fought the infidel > GHAZIS or GHAZIES. [Arabic ghazi, fighting].
|the name in Libya of the SCIROCCO, a hot, dry, dusty wind blowing from North Africa to the North Mediterranean coastline.
|in Arabic mythology, a desert demon preying on travellers; gen. an evil spirit or demon supposed to rob graves and devour corpses. [Arabic ghul].
|girsh gursh qursh qurush
|a monetary unit of Saudi Arabia.
|a violent dust storm or sandstorm, especially in Sudan along the southern edges of the Sahara. [Arabic habub].
|a record of Muslim sayings, second in authority to the Koran.
|hadj haj hajj
|a Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca.
|hadjee hadji haji hajji
|a Muslim pilgrim to Mecca; -- used among Orientals as a respectful salutation or a title of honor.
|a Muslim woman who has made a pilgrimage to Mecca
|one who knows the Koran by heart > HAFIZES.
|haick haik haique hyke
|an oblong cloth worn by Arabs on head or body.
|a wise man; a physician, esp. a Muslim.
|to slaughter according to Muslim law.
|a Saudi Arabian monetary unit. [Arabic halal, lawful].
|a desert plateau of bedrock.
|hamal hamaul hammal
|in eastern countries, a porter.
|hammam hummaum hummum
|an Oriental bathing establishment.
|in Arabic, the sign used to represent the glottal stop.
|haram harem hareem harim
|a women's quarters in a Muslim house; a set of wives and concubines.
|a kind of Moroccan soup
|a hot paste made from chilli peppers, spices etc
|the leaves, shoots and resin of hemp, smoked as an intoxicant. [Arabic hashish].
|a type of financial arrangment
|hegira hejira hejra hijra hijrah
|the flight of Mohammed from Mecca.
|a covering for a Muslim woman's head and face.
|a tree or shrub; a colour, moderate to strong reddish-brown to strong brown; (verb) to colour with henna. [Arabic hinna].
|a seat or covered pavilion on the back of an elephant or camel. [Ar haudaj].
|a truce or ceasefire for an agreed duration
|a set of laws and punishments prescribed by the Koran
|in Islam, service, worship > IBADAT.
|the Arabic name for a cezve, a small metal pot used for preparing coffee
|a meal taken after sunset to break one's fast during Ramadan
|the peculiar dress worn by pilgrims to Mecca.
|the use of reasoning in Islamic law.
|the officer who leads the devotions in a mosque.
|the office of an IMAM; the territory under the jurisdiction of an IMAM.
|(old military slang) go away.
|an interjection among Muslims > if Allah wills.
|intifada intifadah+ intifadeh+
|the uprising in 1987 and continued resistance by Palestinians to Israeli occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank of Jordan. [Arabic intifada shaking off].
|a long cotton outer garment (usually white) worn by Muslim women.
|in Arab socialist states, the people or proletariat state.
|a Middle Eastern curved dagger with two edges.
|the least powerful order of JINN.
|in Islam, a holy war.
|one who takes part in a JEHAD > JEHADIS or JEHADEEN or JIHADEEN
|any small jumping rodent of the genus Dipus, common in Egypt and the adjacent countries. [Arabic yarbu].
|jereed jerid jerrid jerreed
|a wooden Oriental javelin.
|a logn robe worn by Muslim women > JILBABS or JALABIB
|kaffiyeh keffiyeh kufiyah kaffiyah+ keffiyah
|the cloth head gear worn by many Palestinians.
|kaif kif kief kef keef
|a state of dreamy intoxication induced by e.g. cannabis. [Arabic kaif, pleasure].
|the prickly saltwort or glasswort.
|kamseen kamsin khamseen khamsin
|the sirocco in Egypt, a hot southerly wind that usually blows from about March to May.
|kat khat qat
|a shrub of the spindle tree family, cultivated in Arabia for its leaves, which are chewed or infused as a stimulant; the narcotic drug obtained from these leaves.
|keblah qibla kibla kiblah
|(the direction of) the place to which Muslims must turn for prayer, now the Kaaba at Mecca.
|a CALIPH, a Senussi leader, the Mahdi's successor. [Arabic khalifah].
|a type of headdress worn by Arab women.
|a dry watercourse; a ravine. [Arabic khurr, khorr].
|khotbah khotbeh khutbah
|an address or public prayer read from the steps of the pulpit in Mohammedan mosques, offering glory to God, praising Mohammed and his descendants, and the ruling princes.
|a monetary unit of Mauritania.
|kibbe kibbeh kibbi
|a Syrian dish of ground meat and cracked wheat. [Arabic kubba].
|a water container made from animal hide.
|a black cosmetic powder.
|a whip of hide; (verb) to flog with a kourbash.
|an East Indian name for several twining leguminous plants related to the bean, but commonly applied to the hyacinth bean.
|an Old World tropical mimosaceous tree. [Arab. labak].
|Middle Eastern yogurt. [Arabic laban, milk].
|loofa loofah luffa
|a kind of vine > the fibrous gourd-like fruit is used as sponge.
|madrasa madrasah madrassa madrassah medresseh medresa medrese
|an Islamic college, or school attached to mosque.
|the empty litter sent to Mecca in the HADJ.
|an assembly or council in various N. African and Middle Eastern countries.
|in India, the head of a village, an employer.
|one of former Turkish slaves that held the Egyptian throne from 1250 to 1517.
|an African board game. [Arabic mangala, from nagala, to move].
|a large stork, which furnishes plumes worn as ornaments. [Fr. fr. Arabic murabit, holy man].
|a JINN of the most powerful class.
|an interjection, what God will.
|an Egyptian tomb with rectangular base, sloping sides and a flat roof. [Arabic mastaba, stone bench].
|a goal, from the city of Muslim pilgrimage.
|in N. African cities, the ancient native quarter.
|a spicy N. African sausage.
|an early-flowering woodland shrub with fragrant purplish or rose-coloured flowers. [Arabic mazaryun].
|a West African gazelle.
|a niche or slab in a mosque marking the direction of Mecca.
|a mosque pulpit.
|a tall tower or turret connected with a mosque and surrounded by one or more projecting balconies from which a muezzin calls at hours of prayer. [Arabic manarat, from nar, fire].
|an Oriental unit of weight. [Arabic mitkal, from takala, to weigh].
|mocuddum muqaddam mokaddam
|a leader, headman.
|a fabric made from the silky hair of angora goats. [Arabic mukayyar, cloth of goat's hair].
|molla moolah mulla mullah
|a Muslim learned in theology and law.
|an Indian lawyer; a Turkish local government official. [Arabic mukhtar, chosen].
|an Islamic temple.
|in N. Africa, an external balcony enclosed with latticework. [French f. Arab. masrabiyya, f. masraba pitcher, f. sariba to drink.]
|a Spanish Moor, esp. one allowed to remain in Spain after the Conquest > MUDEJARES. [Arabic mudajjan, one allowed to remain].
|a local governor. [Arabic mudir].
|the office of MUDIR, a local governor.
|the Muslim official who calls the faithful to prayer.
|civilian clothes, especially when worn by someone who normally wears a uniform; a scholar or jurist who interprets. [Arabic mufti, from afta (to decide a legal point). Another word that comes from the same root is fatwa (decree)].
|mujahedeen mujahedin mujahideen mujahidin mujaheddin
|Islamic fundamentalist freedom fighters.
|nabk nebbuk nebek nebeck
|a tree, the Christ's-thorn. [Arabic nebk].
|the point of the heavens diametrically opposite to the zenith; the point directly below an observer. [Arabic nazir, opposite to].
|a Persian cursive script, having long horizontal strokes and rounded characters. [Arabic naskhi, cursive script, + talik, hanging].
|an Indian court official. [Arabic nazir, overseer].
|nikab niqab niqaab
|a type of veil worn by Muslim women
|in Islamic marriage, the contract between the bridegroom and the bride
|a device for raising water from a stream etc., consisting of a chain of pots or buckets, revolving round a wheel driven by the water current.
|a large boat used to carry cargo on the Nile.
|a staff of officials in India.
|the ammoniac plant. [Arabic ushshaq].
|a stringed instrument of Northern Africa, akin to the lute.
|a monetary unit of Mauritania.
|an underground tunnel for carrying irrigation water.
|a formal Arabic poem of praise.
|a singer of QAWWALI, devotional Sufi music.
|a form of devotional Sufi music.
|a preparation from acorns used by the Arabs as a substitute for chocolate, and also as a beverage for invalids.
|a modern North African form of popular music.
|raia raya rayah
|a non-Muslim subject of Turkey.
|a plundering and destructive incursion; a foray; a raid. [Fr. from Arabic gaziya, raid].
|a bright-red monoclinic mineral. [Arabic rajh al gar, 'powder of the cave'].
|a traditional Moroccan house or palace with an interior garden.
|a variable Levantine weight > ARTAL or ROTLS.
|a Persian verse-form, a four-line stanza > RUBAIYAT or RUBAIS. [Arabic rubai, quadripartite].
|a set of beads used by Muslims during prayer.
|sabkha sabkhah sabkhat
|a broad, salt-encrusted coastal plain above the level of normal tides.
|saice sice syce
|a stableman or groom, esp. in India.
|saiyid sayid said sayyid
|a descendant of Mohammed's daughter Fatima.
|sakia sakiyeh sakieh
|an Eastern water-wheel.
|a low bow with the palm of the hand on the forehead; (verb) to make a SALAAM.
|a set of prayers to be said five times a day while facing Mecca.
|a greyhound-like Arab dog; a gazelle hound.
|samiel simoom simoon
|a hot desert wind.
|santir santour santur santoor
|an Eastern dulcimer.
|sansa zanza zanze
|an African musical instrument. [Ar sanj, castanets or cymbals].
|the mucilaginous drupaceous fruit of two East Indian trees, sometimes used medicinally in pectoral diseases. [Arabic sebastan].
|sehri sohur suhur
|a meal eaten before sunrise by those fasting during Ramadan.
|a long sand-dune lying parallel to the direction of the wind that forms it. [Arabic sayf, sword].
|sesame. [Arabic simsim].
|the leaves of several leguminous plants of the genus Cassia, used as a cathartic medicine. [Arabic sana].
|a large sting ray of the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. The skin is an article of commerce. [Arabic safan, shagreen].
|an African plant, widely grown in the tropics, producing seeds used as food and yielding an edible oil.
|a machine, resembling a well sweep, used in Egypt for raising water from the Nile for irrigation.
|a martyr for the Islamic faith.
|the Islamic declaration of faith, repeated daily
|an evil spirit.
|in the Middle East, a hot dry north wind that carries sand in desert places.
|sharia shariat sheria sheriat
|the body of Islamic religious law.
|sharif sherif shereef
|a descendant of Mohammed through his daughter Fatima. [Arab. sarif, noble, high-born].
|a sandwich of lamb or chicken, veg, and often tahini wrapped in pita.
|a hookah, a kind of water-cooled pipe.
|sheik sheikh shaikh shaykh
|an Arab chief. [Arabic sheikha, to be old].
|the chief wife or consort of a SHEIKH.
|a cooling drink made of sweetened and diluted fruit juice, drunk esp. in Arab countries.
|to test money to detect impurities. [Arabic saraf].
|(coll.) a look, a dekko. [Arabic 'have you seen'].
|the Islamic principle of (rule by) consultation; an Islamic consultative council.
|soldan soudan souldan suldan sultan
|the monarch or chief ruler of a Muslim country, esp. that of Turkey.
|a ruler of Persia.
|souk suk sukh suq
|an Arab market-place. [Arabic suk].
|a string of beads used in prayer and meditation
|a mass of vegetation floating on water in NE Africa.
|of a government department or official > chief, supreme; (noun) a supreme court.
|a collection of traditions received by orthodox Muslims as of equal authority with the Koran.
|a chapter of the Koran.
|tabbouleh tabuli tabouli tabooley tabbouli+ tabouleh
|a kind of Lebanese salad.
|a paste made of crushed sesame seeds. [Arabic 'to grind'].
|a tall, conical cap worn by Muslims as a headdress of distinction > TAJES. [Arabic taj, crown].
|in Islamic law > divorce, esp. by the husband's verbal repudiation of his wife in the presence of witnesses.
|an object supposed to have occult or magic powers, esp. an inscribed stone or ring worn as an amulet to avert evil or bring good luck, health, etc. [Arabic tilsam].
|a large tropical tree; its fruit. [Arabic tamr-Hindi, date of India].
|tamboura tambur tambura
|an Eastern stringed instrument, used to produce a drone.
|tarboosh tarboush tarbush tarbouche
|a fez, a hat worn by Muslim men.
|a kind of herb. [Arabic tarkhan].
|a form of Islamic prayer that involves the repetitive utterances of short sentences glorifying God.
|a hill or mound.
|an interpreter. Cf. DRAGOMAN.
|the body of professional theologians, expounders of the law, in a Muslim country.
|the body of Muslim believers considered as one community.
|a lesser pilgrimage to Mecca made separately or at the same time as the hajj, and consisting of a number of devotional rituals performed within the city.
|a monitor lizard. [Arabic waran].
|vezir vizir visier vizier wazir wizier
|a minister in various Muslim states.
|the office of a VIZIR.
|the dry bed of a torrent; a river valley.
|in Islamic countries, endowment or settlement of property under which the proceeds are to be devoted to a religious or charitable purpose; land or property endowed in this way.
|an Egyptian fork-tongued lizard, about four feet long when full grown. [Arabic waral, lizard].
|ritual washing before the daily prayer
|yashmac yashmak yasmak
|a double Muslim veil leaving only eyes uncovered.
|a stated tariff.
|a short-horned buffalo. [Arabic jamus].
|zareba zareeba zariba zereba zeriba
|an improvised stockade, esp. one made of thorn bushes, etc.
|an ornamental metal holder for a handleless coffee cup.
|a native sulphide of arsenic.
|an Ethiopian dipterous insect, aka ZIMB. [Arabic zebub, fly].
|in the east, one who abstains from magic or practises religion. [Arab. zindik f. Pers. zandik fire-worshipper, heretic.]
|a desert fox, aka FENNEC. [Arabic zardawa].
|a civet cat. [Arabic zabad, musky perfume].
|a tetragonal mineral, zirconium silicate, of which jacinth and jargoon are varieties. [Ar. zarqun].