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Science & Tech > Anatomy > Miscellaneous


Now updated for CSW15. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.


abdomen (Lat.) in mammals, the part between diaphragm and pelvis; in arthropods, the hind-body.
abdominally (Adv.) ABDOMINAL, relating to the abdomen.
adipocere (Lat.) a fatty substance occurring in corpses left in moist areas.
adipocerous like adipocere, a fatty substance occurring in corpses left in moist areas.
adipose of or pertaining to fatty substances.
adiposity the state of being fat.
adipous of or pertaining to fatty substances.
adnexa conjoined anatomical parts. No -S.
adnexal relating to adnexa, conjoined anatomical parts.
alvine of the belly.
antral relating to an antrum, a cavity.
apiculus (Lat.) a short sharp point in which an organ may end.
appendage something appended.
aseptate not partitioned by septa.
azygos an unpaired structure.
barbal pertaining to the beard.
belly the stomach; (verb) to swell out.
bile a fluid secreted by the liver; (verb) to boil.
bilirubin a reddish yellow pigment present in bile.
biliverdin a green pigment present in the bile.
bladder a saclike receptacle.
blastochyle the fluid in a blastocoel.
blastocoel the cavity inside a blastula.
blastocoele the cavity inside a blastula.
blastocoelic of or like a blastocoel.
blastospore the orifice of a gastrula.
brachycephal a short-headed person.
brachycephalic short-headed, esp having a skull whose breadth is 80 per cent or more of its length; (noun) a short-headed person.
brachycephalism the state of being brachycephalic, short-headed.
brachycephalous short-headed, esp having a skull whose breadth is 80 per cent or more of its length.
brachycephaly the state of being brachycephalic, short-headed.
breast the front of the human body between the neck and the belly; (verb) to confront boldly.
bursa (Lat.) a pouch or sac, esp one containing viscid lubricating fluid at points of friction.
bursal relating to a bursa, a pouch or sac.
bursate pertaining to a bursa, any sac or saclike cavity.
carbamide the technical name for urea.
cephalic of or pertaining to the head (noun) a medicine for ailments of the head
cephalically (Adv.) CEPHALIC, of or pertaining to the head.
cervical pertaining to the neck or cervix.
chemoceptor a sensory receptor in a biological cell membrane to which an external molecule binds to generate a smell or taste sensation.
chest a part of the body (verb) to touch with the chest
chiral of or pertaining to the hand or handedness.
cholecyst the gall bladder.
chorda (Lat.) any stringlike structure in the body.
chylaceous possessed of the properties of chyle.
chylomicron a tiny globule of fat, the form in which fat is carried in blood and chyle.
chylous consisting of, or similar to, chyle.
cilium (Lat.) a hairlike lash borne by a cell.
cisterna (Lat.) a sac or space containing eg cerebrospinal fluid.
cisternal relating to a cisterna, a sac or space containing eg cerebrospinal fluid.
columel a small column-like anatomical part.
creatic of or relating to flesh.
crinal of or related to the hair.
crotch an angle formed by two diverging parts, as between the legs.
crotched having a crotch.
cupula (Lat.) a cup-shaped anatomical structure.
diastematic of or like a diastema.
dolichocephal a person with a long head.
dolichocephalic longheaded.
dolichocephaly the state of being dolichocephalic.
dorsum (Lat.) the back.
ductal relating to a duct.
emunctory a cleansing organ or canal; a term applied to the excretory ducts and organs of the body.
endothelial of or like the endothelium, the layer of cell tissue on the internal surfaces of blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.
endothelioid of or like the endothelium, the layer of cell tissue on the internal surfaces of blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.
endothelium the layer of cell tissue on the internal surfaces of blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.
enterocoel a coelom originating by outgrowth from the archenteron.
enterocoele a coelom originating by outgrowth from the archenteron.
enterocoelic of or like an enterocoele.
enterocoelous of or like an enterocoele.
epiblastic of or relating to, or consisting of, the epiblast.
face the front part of the head; (verb) to oppose or meet defiantly.
fibrilla (Lat.) a fibril filament.
fibrillar of or pertaining to fibrils or fibers.
fibrillary of or pertaining to fibrils or fibers.
flocculus (Lat.) a small flock, tuft or flake.
fontanel a membrane-covered gap between the immature parietal bones in the skull of a foetus or infant.
fontanelle a membrane-covered gap between the immature parietal bones in the skull of a foetus or infant.
fonticulus (Lat.) the depression just over the top of the breastbone.
foramen (Lat.) a small opening, perforation, or orifice.
foraminal relating to the foramen, a small opening, perforation, or orifice.
foreface the front part of the face.
forehead the part of the face above the eyes.
fornical relating to a fornix, an arch or fold.
fossate having a fossa, an anatomical depression.
fovea (Lat.) a depression or pit.
foveal of or like a fovea, a depression or pit.
foveola (Lat.) a small depression.
foveolar of or like a foveola, a small depression.
foveolate like a foveola, a small depression.
foveolated like a foveola, a small depression.
foveole a small depression.
foveolet a small depression.
fundament the buttocks or anus.
gallbladder a membranous muscular sac in which bile from the liver is stored.
gastrulation the formation of a gastrula.
gena (Lat.) the cheek or side of the head.
genal relating to the gena, the cheek or side of the head.
gerontomorphic of, pertaining to, or designating anatomical specialization most fully represented in the mature male of a species.
glycogen animal starch, as found in the liver.
glycogenic of or containing glycogen.
gyrus (Lat.) a convoluted ridge between two grooves.
head the uppermost part of the body; (verb) to be chief of.
hemispace the area to one side, either left or right, of the body.
heparin a complex substance formed in the liver that delays clotting of blood.
heparinoid of or like heparin, a complex substance formed in the liver that delays clotting of blood.
heterotactous relating to heterotaxis, the anomalous arrangement of body parts.
heterotaxis the anomalous arrangement of body parts.
hipless without a hip.
hiplike like a hip.
histiocyte a macrophage.
homoeosis the assumption of the character of a corresponding member of another whorl or somite.
homotype that which has the same fundamental type of structure with something else; thus, the right arm is the homotype of the right leg.
homotypy the state of being a homotype.
hyalin a clear translucent substance, such as that in hydatid cysts.
hypoblast the inner or lower layer of the blastoderm.
hypoblastic relating to the hypoblast, the inner or lower layer of the blastoderm.
hypochondrium either of two regions of the upper part of the abdomen.
hypogastrium (Lat.) the lower middle abdominal region.
hypognathism the state of being hypognathous.
ichor (Greek) a watery fluid discharged from wound.
ichorous of or like ichor, serous.
inguinal of or relating to the groin.
interoceptor a sensory receptor responding to stimuli arising within the body, esp the viscera.
intima (Lat.) the inner lining of an organ or vessel.
intimal relating to an intima, the innermost layer of an organ.
intoed having the toes turned inwards.
ipsilateral belonging to or affecting the same side of the body.
ipsilaterally (Adv.) IPSILATERAL, belonging to or affecting the same side of the body.
jugulum (Lat.) the front part of the neck.
kidney a bodily organ.
lacteally (Adv.) LACTEAL, pertaining to milk.
lienal of or pertaining to the spleen.
lisk the groin, flank.
liver a secreting organ; (verb) to thicken or gel.
lobulated having lobules.
lobulus (Lat.) a small lobe or lobe-like structure.
loin the part of the lower back between the pelvis and the ribs.
longhead a dolichocephal, a person with a long head.
lumbar of or relating to the section of the spine between the lowest rib and the pelvis; (noun) an anatomical part situated near the loins.
lumbus (Lat.) the part of the lower back and sides between the pelvis and the ribs.
macroglia one of the two types of non-nervous tissue found in the central nervous system.
macrophagic of or like a macrophage.
mamillar relating to the nipple.
mamillary relating to the nipple.
mammary of or pertaining to the mamma or breast; (noun) a breast.
mammillary of or pertaining to the mammilla, or nipple.
manus (Lat.) the end of a forelimb (hand, hoof, or claw).
meatal relating to a meatus, the opening of a passage or canal.
meatus (Lat.) the opening of a passage or canal.
megakaryocytic of or like a megakaryocyte.
melanin any of various dark brown or black pigments present in the hair, skin, eyes, etc..
meristic pertaining to the number or variation of body parts.
meristically (Adv.) MERISTIC, pertaining to number or variation of body parts.
mesaticephalic intermediate between dolichocephalic and brachycephalic.
mesaticephalous intermediate between dolichocephalic and brachycephalic.
mesaticephaly the state of being mesaticephalic.
mesonephric relating to the mesonephros.
mesothelial of or like the mesothelium, squamous cells lining peritoneum, pericardium, and pleura.
mesothelium squamous cells lining peritoneum, pericardium, and pleura.
microglia a type of non-nervous tissue found in the central nervous system.
midriff the area of the front of the body between the chest and the waist.
mons (Lat.) a protuberance of the body.
muciferous conveying or secreting mucus.
mucosa (Lat.) a mucous membrane.
mucosal relating to mucosae, mucous membranes.
myxoid resembling mucus, mucoid.
nape the back of the neck; (verb) to attack with napalm.
natiform resembling the buttocks.
natis (Lat.) a buttock.
navel a depression in the abdomen.
neck the part connecting head and trunk; (verb) to kiss and caress in lovemaking.
necklike like a neck.
nephric of or pertaining to the kidneys.
nephron (Greek) one of over a million functional units in the vertebrate kidney.
nipple a small projection with an orifice, esp for regulating flow; (verb) to provide with a nipple.
nociceptor a receptor sensitive to pain.
nocireceptor a receptor sensitive to pain.
nonanatomic not anatomic.
nonvascular not vascular.
nucha (Lat.) the nape of the neck.
nuchal pertaining to the nape of the neck; (noun) the nape of the neck.
occipitally (Adv.) OCCIPITAL, relating to the back of the head.
omphalic of or pertaining to the omphalos, the umbilicus, or navel.
omphaloid of or pertaining to the omphalos, the umbilicus, or navel.
organ a differentiated part of an organism performing a specific function.
orifice an opening, esp anatomical.
orificial relating to an orifice.
orthocephaly the state of being orthocephalic.
papilla (Lat.) a nipple-like projection.
papillar like, of the nature of, or having, papillae.
papillary like, of the nature of, or having, papillae.
papillate having papillae, nipple-like projections.
papillated having papillae, nipple-like projections.
papilliform nipple-shaped.
papillule a small papilla, a nipple-like projection.
paramastoid situated near the mastoid, paroccipital; (noun) a paramastoid process or projecting part.
paranephric near the kidney; suprarenal.
paroccipital situated near the occiput; (noun) the area next to the mastoid process.
pectorally (Adv.) PECTORAL, related to the chest.
peridesmium the areolar tissue around a ligament.
perihepatic surrounding the liver.
perinephric relating to the perinephrium, the fatty tissue surrounding the kidney.
perinephrium the fatty tissue surrounding the kidney.
petto (Lat.) breast, as in the phrase in petto, in one's secret thoughts.
pila an anatomical structure like a pillar in form.
pilar pertaining to hair.
pilonidal relating to the crease above the buttocks.
pilus (Lat.) a hair or hairlike structure.
pleura (Lat.) a membrane lining half of the thorax.
pleural of or pertaining to the pleura or pleurae, or to the sides of the thorax.
pleurotomy incision into the pleura.
podex (Lat.) the rump; the anal region.
polycystic having or involving more than one cyst.
porta (Lat.) a gatelike structure, esp the transverse fissure of the liver.
pronephric of or pertaining to the pronephros.
pronephros a primitive kidney that disappears early in embryonic development.
pseudocoel a body cavity not formed by gastrulation and lacking a mesodermal lining.
punctum (Lat.) a point or dot; a minute aperture.
radially (Adv.) RADIAL, diverging from the centre.
renal related to the kidneys.
retinacular pertaining to the retinaculum, a band-like structure that holds an organ in place.
retinaculum a band-like structure that holds an organ in place.
rhaphe (Greek) a seamlike junction.
ruga (Lat.) an anatomical fold or wrinkle.
scalp the outer covering of the skull; (verb) to remove an upper part from.
secernent secretory; (noun) a secretory organ.
secretory secreting, as secretory vessels, nerves; (noun) a secretory vessel.
septate partitioned; having a septum.
septation the state of being septate, partitioned by a septum.
septum (Lat.) a partition or dividing structure in a cavity, tissue, etc.
serosa (Lat.) a serous membrane.
serosal relating to serosa, serous membrane.
shoulder the part of a human or other vertebrate animal's body around the junction with the arm or forelimb; (verb) to carry on the shoulder.
spleen an internal organ, believed once to be the source of ill-humour.
splenic pertaining to the spleen.
stomal of or like a stoma, one of the minute apertures between the cells in many serous membranes.
stroma (Lat.) the connective tissue or supporting framework of an organ; as, the stroma of the kidney.
stromal of or like a stroma, the connective tissue or supporting framework of an organ.
stromatic of the nature of or resembling a stroma.
stromatous of or like a stroma, the connective tissue or supporting framework of an organ.
submucosa the connective tissue underlying a mucous membrane.
submucosal relating to the submucosa, the connective tissue underlying a mucous membrane.
subscapular below (in man in front of) the shoulder-blade; (noun) a subscapular vessel or nerve.
tectal relating to a tectum, a rooflike body structure.
thecal of or pertaining to a theca, as, a thecal abscess.
thecate having a theca, an envelope of hormonally active cells enclosing a tertiary (vesicular) or a mature (Graafian) ovarian follicle.
thoracic of or pertaining to the thorax, or chest.
thoracically (Adv.) THORACIC, of or pertaining to the thorax, or chest.
tissual pertaining to tissue.
tonicity the normal elasticity of a healthy muscle at rest.
tonus (Lat.) the normal elasticity of a healthy muscle at rest.
torso (Ital.) the trunk of the body.
transthoracic done or made by way of the thoracic cavity.
trochlea (Lat.) a pulley-like structure of shoulder, thigh, or orbit of eye.
truncal of or pertaining to the trunk, or body.
tubercle a small tuber, protuberance or swelling.
tubercled having tubercles.
tubercule a small tuber, protuberance or swelling.
umbilical of or pertaining to the navel (noun) the umbilical cord
umbilically (Adv.) UMBILICAL, pertaining to the navel.
umbilicate having an umbilicus.
umbilicated having an umbilicus.
umbilicus (Lat.) the navel.
urea a substance found in mammalian urine, the chief form in which nitrogenous waste is excreted.
ureal relating to urea.
ureic relating to urea.
utricle a little bag, bladder or cell.
utriculus (Lat.) a little sac or bag.
valvular of or pertaining to a valve or valves.
vas (Lat.) a duct carrying liquid.
vasal of or like a vas, a vessel, tube or duct carrying liquid.
vellus as in vellus hair, short fine unpigmented hair covering the human body.
vesica (Lat.) a bladder, esp a urinary bladder.
vesical pertaining to the bladder.
vesiculose in the form of a vesicula, a small blister.
viscus (Lat.) one of the organs, as the brain, heart, or stomach, in the great cavities of the body of an animal.
waist the part of the body between the ribs and the hips.