Association of British Scrabble Players

Urdu


amildar a factor or manager in India, a collector of revenues.
badmash budmash a bad character; a worthless person. [Urdu f. Pers., f. bad evil + Arab. ma'as means of livelihood].
baft a coarse fabric, orig. Oriental.
bahadur a hero, a great one.
bandobast bundobust an organisation.
bandook bundook (Indian army slang) a rifle, a shotgun.
basant a Pakistani spring festival.
basti busti a flimsy hut.
begum in the Indian subcontinent, a Muslim noblewoman or lady of high rank.
bhang cannabis, Indian hemp, used as a weak narcotic.
bheestie bheesty bhistee bhisti bhistie an Indian water-carrier.
bhuna an Indian sauce.
biriyani biryani a spicy rice dish.
boorka burka bourkha burqa an Arab woman's head-covering.
chabouk chabuk a horse-whip.
chalan challan a way-bill; a pass.
chaprassi chuprassy an office messenger, a household attendant.
charka charkha a spinning wheel used in Indian households for spinning cotton.
charpai charpoy a string framed bed.
chobdar in the Indian subcontinent: an usher bearing a staff, attending on a dignitary.
chokidar chowkidar a watchman.
circar sircar sirkar the state or government; the authorities.
darogha a manager.
deewan dewan diwan in India, a financial minister.
dewani dewanny the office of a DEWAN, an Indian financial minister.
dhansak a dish of meat and vegetables braised in water with lentils.
doab a tongue or tract of land included between two rivers; as, the doab between the Ganges and the Jumna. [Persian do-ab, two waters].
doosra in cricket, a delivery bowled by an off-spinner.
durbar a public levee held by an Indian ruler or by a British ruler in India. [Persian darabar, a prince's court].
gymkhana a sporting contest, esp. one involving riding or driving skills. [Urdu gendkanah racket-court, f. Hind. ged ball + Pers. kanah house].
havildar the rank of sergeant in the Indian army.
hooka hookah a pipe with a long, flexible stem, so arranged that the smoke is cooled by being made to pass through water. [Urdu f. Arab. hukka small box, container, pot, jar].
houdah howdah a seat or covered pavilion on the back of an elephant or camel.
huma a mythical bird similar to the phoenix, supposed to bring luck to any person over whom it hovers on its restless flights. [Pers. & Urdu huma phoenix.]
huzoor an Indian potentate. (Chiefly a title used by Indians in respectful address). [Arabic hudur, the presence].
inqilab (in India, Pakistan etc.) a revolution.
izzat honor, reputation, prestige. [Urdu from Arabic 'izzah, glory].
jamadar in the native army of India, an officer of a rank corresponding to that of lieutenant in the English army. Also JEMIDAR.
jamdani a kind of Dacca muslin. Pl. JAMDANIS.
jawan an Indian common soldier.
jamadar jemadar jemidar in the native army of India, an officer of a rank corresponding to that of lieutenant in the English army.
jezail a long heavy Afghan musket.
kajawah a kind of litter for women consisting of a large pannier or wooden frame, a pair of which are carried by a camel.
kamees kameeze in S. Asia, a loose tunic, worn by women.
khaki dust-coloured, dull brownish. [Urdu khaki, dusty].
khansama khansamah a house-steward or butler in India. [Urdu kansama, Urdu & Pers. kansaman, f. kan master, + saman household goods].
kharif a crop sown before the monsoon to ripen in autumn.
khayal a kind of classical Indian vocal music.
khidmutgar khitmutgar a table-servant.
kincob a rich silk fabric. [Urdu kimkhab].
koftgar someone who inlays steel with gold.
koftgari the craft of inlaying steel with gold.
maidan in India, an open plain; an open space near a town.
masala a mixture of ground spices in Indian cookery.
maulvi moolvi moolvie a teacher in Islam.
mofussil in India, the rural localities of a district as distinguished from the chief station or the town.
murdabad death to, in slogans. No —S.
nabob (the title of) any of certain Muslim officials acting as deputy governors of provinces or districts in the Mughal Empire; a governor of an Indian town or district.
nabobery being like a NABOB.
nabobess a female NABOB, a European who has amassed a fortune in the East.
nabobism the system of having NABOBS.
nawab a governor of India under British.
numdah an embroidered felt rug made in India.
numnah a pad placed under a saddle to prevent chafing.
pardah purda purdah seclusion of women from public observation among Muslims and some Hindus. [Urdu pardah, curtain].
rabi the spring grain harvest in India and Pakistan. [Arabic rabi, spring].
ressaldar risaldar an Indian troop commander.
romal rumal a handkerchief or headcloth; a silk or cotton fabric.
salwar as in salwar kameez, a kind of long tunic.
sardar sirdar a native chief in Hindostan; a headman.
sebundy in India, an irregular soldier or soldiers.
sepoy an Indian soldier.
serang the boatswain of a Lascar or East Indian crew. [Persian sarhang, a commander].
shalwar loose-fitting trousers worn by both sexes in many parts of Asia.
shikar hunting, game; (verb) to hunt (animal) as sport.
shikaree shikari a hunter, esp. of big game.
shisha a pipe with a long flexible stem a HOOKAH.
silladar an irregular cavalryman who provided his own horse and arms.
sitar sittar an Indian musical instrument. [Urdu sitar, f. sih three + tar string].
sowar a mounted soldier. [Urdu sawar, horseman].
sowarree sowarry a mounted retinue, a cavalcade. [Urdu sawar horseman].
tamasha in the Indian subcontinent: an entertainment, a show, a spectacle, a public function.
zamboorak zumbooruk zomboruk zumbooruck a small swivel-gun, esp. one mounted on the back of a camel.
zanana zenana in the Indian subcontinent, the part of a house in which high-caste women are or were secluded.
zari a type of thread made of fine gold or silver wire used in traditional Indian and Pakistani garments.



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