Association of British Scrabble Players

Old Norse

aesir the Norse gods.
ard a primitive form of plough.
auf an elf's child. [ON alfr, elf].
auk a short-winged, black-and-white, heavy-bodied seabird of the family Alcidae. [ON alka].
baresark berserk berserker a Norse warrior who fought without armor, or shirt of mail.
beck a brook, a stream. [ON bekkr].
bismar in Orkney and Shetland, a kind of steelyard. [ON bismari].
blae dark blue or bluish gray; lead-colored. [ON blar, livid].
bonxie the great skua. [ON bunkie, heap].
brad a thin, flat, small-headed nail; (verb) to fasten with a brad. [ON broddr spike].
byrnie a coat of mail.
cargoose a species of grebe, aka crested grebe. [ON kjarr, copsewood + goose].
carr an alder wood.
dwale deadly nightshade. [ON dvöl, dvali delay, sleep].
foud a bailiff or magistrate in Orkney or Shetland. [ON fogeti].
fulmar a gull-like sea bird.
gairfowl garefowl the great auk; also, the razorbill. [ON geirfugl].
galdragon in Scott, an obsolete Shetland word for a sorceress or witch. [ON galdra-kona].
garth a small yard surrounded by a cloister. [ON garthr, a court].
gaum gorm to stare vacantly or handle in a clumsy manner. [ON gaumr, heed, attention].
ged a pike. [ON gedda].
geo a gully or creek. [ON gja].
gju gu gue a kind of violin formerly used in the Shetlands. [ON gigja].
gowpen two hands placed together to form a bowl-shape; also, the amount that can be contained in a pair of cupped hands. [ON gaupn].
grike gryke a crevice in a limestone pavement. [ON kriki, a crack].
haaf in Orkney, a deep-sea fishing-ground. [ON haf, sea].
haar a raw sea-mist. [ON harr, hoary].
jarl a chief; an earl; in English history, one of the leaders in the Danish and Norse invasions.
jarta yarta yarto heart, used as term of endearment in the Shetlands. [ON hjarta, heart].
jotun jotunn a giant (in Norse myth).
leister a three-pronged spear or trident used for fishing; (verb) to spear with a leister. [ON ljostr].
litmus dye obtained from lichens, used in chemical tests, being turned red by acid and blue by alkali. [ON litmosi, herbs used in dyeing, from litr colour + mosi moss].
marram marrum a seaside grass. [ON marr, sea + halmr, haulm, stem].
mawk a maggot. [ON mathkr, maggot].
ransack to search thoroughly; to plunder; to pillage. [ON rannsaka, from rann house + sækja to seek].
reckling a weak child or animal; the runt of the litter. [ON reklingr, an outcast].
riva in Shetland, a cleft in rock. [ON rifa].
sagaman a narrator of Icelandic or Norwegian sagas.
scall scabbiness, esp. of the scalp. [ON skalli, bald head].
scath scathe scaith skaith injury, harm; (verb) to injure. [ON skathe].
scaury scourie scowrie in the Orkneys, a young gull. [ON skari].
scuft the nape of the neck. [ON skopt, skoft the hair].
seg a stud in the sole of a shoe; a callus on the finger. [ON sigg, hard skin, a callus].
sheltie shelty a Shetland pony or sheepdog. [ON Hjalti, a Shetlander].
skald an ancient Scandinavian bard.
skep a farm basket, especially of wicker or straw; beehive, especially domed and made of straw; (verb) to collect into a hive. [ON skeppa bushel].
skerry a small rocky island. [ON sker].
skoal a drinking toast; good health!; (verb) to propose such a toast.
skyr curds; a yogurt-like curd cheese.
spae to foretell; to divine. [ON spa].
sparth sparthe sperthe a long battle-axe. [ON spartha].
stiddie stithy a blacksmith's forge or anvil; (verb) to forge.
swelchie in the Orkneys, a whirlpool; a tidal race. [ON svelgr, to swallow].
swidden an area of land made cultivable by burning off the vegetative cover. [ON svithin, pp. of svitha, to burn].
thwaite a piece of reclaimed wasteland (now only in place-names). [ON thveit].
thwart to cross the path of, obstruct. [ON thvert, neuter of thverr. perverse].
tushkar tushker tuskar tusker twiscar a turf-spade.
valkyr valkyrie walkyrie in Norse mythology, a chooser of the slain.
voluspa in Scott, a sibyl or prophetess, from a misunderstanding of ON Voluspa, the Eddic poem.
wadmaal wadmal wadmel wadmol wadmoll a coarse, hairy, woolen cloth, formerly used for garments by the poor.
wassail a toast to someone's health; (verb) to go caroling or carousing. [ON ves heill, be in health].
yarfa yarpha in Shetland, peaty soil; clayey, sandy or fibrous peat. [ON jorfi, gravel].

Data Protection Act: In joining the ABSP I accept that personal information relating to Scrabble, including my rating and my photograph, may appear on the ABSP website and in ABSP publications. I accept that the ABSP will not be responsible for use or misuse of personal information.

SCRABBLE® is a registered trademark. All intellectual property rights in and to the game are owned in the U.S.A. by Hasbro Inc., in Canada by Hasbro Canada Inc. and throughout the rest of the world by J.W. Spear & Sons Ltd. of Maidenhead SL6 4UB, England, a subsidiary of Mattel Inc. Mattel and Spear are not affiliated with Hasbro or Hasbro Canada.

ABSP © 2013

Contact Us