Now updated for CSW19. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.
|a musical instrument played by squeezing.
|any wind instrument.
|a device for playing a wind instrument.
|a long powerful horn used by Alpine cowherds.
|an instrument of the saxhorn family, used exclusively in military music, often replacing the French horn.
|angklung anklong anklung
|a musical instrument of S. Asia, composed of bamboo tubes.
|a type of Andean panpipes. [Am. Sp. from Quechua].
|a gigantic barrel organ, partly automatic.
|a large double-necked bass lute.
|a mouth-organ; also, an instrument composed of a soundbox and hanging strips of glass or metal, struck by a hammer.
|an early 19th century bowed stringed instrument.
|a cylindrical double-headed bass drum of the Basque region.
|an ancient Greek wind instrument > AULOI.
|a zither with a keyboard chord-making mechanism which mutes unwanted strings.
|a wind instrument consisting of a bag fitted with pipes, usu consisting of a chanter and some drones.
|playing the bagpipe. N.B. there is no BAGPIPED*.
|a musical instrument of Africa.
|a four-stringed musical instrument with a neck like a ukulele and a body like a banjo.
|a Russian musical instrument, like a guitar, with triangular body and three strings.
|bandoleon bandoneon bandonion
|a kind of button accordion popular in S. America.
|bandore bandora pandora pandore pandura
|an ancient lute.
|a Ukrainian twelve-stringed instrument of the lute family.
|a stringed musical instrument with a head and neck like a guitar and a body like a tambourine, played with the fingers or with a plectrum > BANJOS or BANJOES.
|a small banjo with gut strings.
|a kind of SAXOPHONE.
|a large woodwind instrument formed of a long jointed wooden pipe.
|bazouki bousouki bouzouki buzuki
|a Greek long-necked lute with 3 or 4 double courses of metal strings.
|a drum machine; (verb) to use a beatbox > BEATBOXED.
|a Brazilian single-stringed bowed instrument, used to accompany CAPOEIRA > BERIMBAUS.
|of a musical instruments, having two strings, especially two strings for each note.
|a small high-pitched Breton bagpipe > BINIOUS.
|a shallow one-side drum used in Gaelic music. The 'dh' is silent.
|an alto wind instrument similar to the oboe.
|a brass instrument, the lowest of the saxhorns, in tone resembling the ophicleide.
|the drone bass of a bagpipe or organ.
|a Roman curved trumpet > BUCCINAS.
|a treble instrument with or without keys, usu made of copper, similar to the trumpet, but having the bell less expanded; (verb) to play the bugle.
|a small bugle.
|a wooden slat attached to a thong that makes a roaring sound when the thong is whirled: used esp. by native Australians in religious rites.
|a keyboard instrument similar to an organ, driven by steam. [From Calliope, the Muse that presides over eloquence and heroic poetry; mother of Orpheus, and chief of the nine Muses].
|a moveable bridge secured over the fingerboard and strings of a guitar > CAPODASTROS, CAPOTASTROS.
|a chime of bells diatonically tuned, played by clockwork or by finger keys; (verb) to play a chime of bells > CARILLONED/CARILLONNED.
|a long war trumpet used by the Celts.
|either of a pair of hollow shell-shaped pieces of ivory or hard wood, bound by a band on the thumb, and struck by the finger to produce a clicking sound used as an accompaniment to Spanish dances and guitars.
|a keyboard with bell-like tones.
|a soft pedal on a piano.
|a stringed musical instrument, in full VIOLONCELLO > CELLOS or CELLI.
|a harpsichord > CEMBALOS or CEMBALI.
|an early rustic reed instrument that developed into the clarinet; now used to refer to the low register of the clarinet > CHALUMEAUX.
|the treble string of a musical instrument, such as a violin or lute.
|a small S. American ten-stringed instrument, made from the shell of an armadillo > CHARANGOS.
|the bridge of a stringed instrument.
|a large lute-like instrument with a long neck > CHITARRONI.
|any instrument in which a string vibrates to produce a sound.
|a hammered dulcimer, native to Hungary.
|an ancient Greek musical instrument like a lyre.
|cither cithern cithren cittern
|an instrument shaped like a lute, but strung with wire and played with a quill or plectrum.
|an early form of the CITHER.
|a Scottish folk harp.
|an organ stop having a sweet fluty tone.
|an organ stop having a sweet fluty tone. Also CLARABELLA.
|a old musical instrument, formerly in use, in the form of a spinet.
|a wind instrument, blown by a single reed.
|a reed stop in an organ > CLARINI or CLARINOS.
|a musical instrument, a trumpet; (verb) to sound a note on a mediaeval trumpet.
|a harpsichord > CLAVICEMBALOS.
|harpsichord-like musical instrument > CLAVICYTHERIA.
|the keyboard of a musical instrument; a stringed keyboard instrument, esp the clavichord or the pianoforte.
|a loud mechanical horn.
|a Romanian folk instrument.
|a (usu hexagonal) musical instrument consisting of a pair of bellows; (verb) to fold up like a concertina.
|contrabass contrabasso contrabbasso counterbase
|the double bass.
|a musical instrument playing an octave below the bassoon.
|another name for the CONTRABASSOON > CONTRAFAGOTTOS or CONTRAFAGOTTI.
|a French mouth blown bagpipe with chanter and small drone in one stock, and a separate large drone.
|a treble brass valve instrument, more tapering than the trumpet; also, an old woodwind instrument, in latter sense with variant CORNETT.
|an instrument of the cornet family > CORNETTINI or CORNETTINOS.
|an old woodwind instrument, now revived for performances of early music > CORNETTI or CORNETTOS.
|the French horn > CORNOS.
|an obsolete name for the cornet-a-piston.
|a musical instrument made of a stalk of oat or other cereal.
|a bell hung round the neck of a cow.
|cremona cremorne cromorna cromorne crumhorn krumhorn krummhorn
|an ancient double-reed wind instrument.
|a small cymbal.
|a clapper or castanet used in ancient religious rites > CROTALA.
|an old Celtic musical instrument. [Welsh crwth].
|a small guitar-like instrument of Latin America.
|an early form of the BASSOON.
|a musical instrument.
|the dulcimer > CYMBALOES or CYMBALOS.
|a kind of zither, used in Hungary.
|a large Japanese drum.
|an old ten-stringed musical instrument.
|a large cylindrical drum used in Indian music.
|a two-headed Indian drum.
|a foundation-stop of an organ (open or stopped diapason) extending through its whole range; also, the whole range or compass of tones.
|a musical instrument with two strings. Cf. BICHORD, but BICHORD is adjectival only.
|didgeridoo didjeridoo didjeridu
|a native Australian musical instrument.
|a silent piano for practicing > DIGITORIUMS.
|a thumb key for sharpening a lute or guitar string by a semitone.
|a W. African drum played by beating with the hand.
|a type of acoustic guitar with a metal resonator built into the body > DOBROS.
|a soft-toned organ stop > DOLCES.
|the bass-pipe of a BAGPIPE.
|(Spenser) a drum.
|a percussion instrument, a skin stretched on a frame; (verb) to play a drum, make a sound like a drum.
|the sound of a drum.
|the stretched skin or membrane of a drum.
|like a drum.
|a series of notes on a drum.
|a stick with which a drum is beaten.
|a soft-toned organ stop.
|a small bassoon.
|an open diapason organ stop of pleasing tone and small scale.
|a musical instrument like a flat box, with sounding board and wires stretched across bridges.
|the position and use of the lips in producing a musical tone on a wind instrument.
|A Chinese two-stringed musical instrument, played with a bow.
|a form of glass harmonica. [Gk. euphonia, from eu, well + phone, sound].
|a musical instrument like a tuba but with somewhat higher pitch > EUPHONIUMS.
|a bassoon > FAGOTTI or FAGOTTOS.
|a cover for a piano keyboard.
|a violin bow; (interj.) nonsense.
|a high-pitched flute; (verb) to play a fife.
|the part of a violin, etc against which the strings are stopped by the fingers.
|a hole in a wind instrument for putting the fingers in to modify the pitch.
|a plug in the mouthpiece of a wind instrument.
|a small flute or recorder with two thumb holes; a kind of bean.
|a musical instrument.
|the flue pipes collectively.
|a grand piano or a harpsichord, both being wing-shaped.
|a bugle with valves.
|a wind instrument, esp either of two types consisting of a wooden or metal tube with holes stopped by the fingertips or by keys; (verb) to play the flute.
|like a flute.
|a kind of accordion.
|like a flute in tone > FLUTIER, FLUTIEST.
|like a flute in tone > FLUTEYER, FLUTEYEST.
|the 18C name for an early type of piano.
|a fingerboard with frets on a stringed musical instrument.
|of a musical instrument, without frets.
|an electronic device used to distort the sound of eg an electric guitar.
|a device for distorting the sound of an electric guitar.
|(abbrev. of) viola da gamba; also, an organ-stop of stringlike quality.
|a Spanish bagpipe.
|an instrument resembling a xylophone.
|gazoo gazooka kazoo
|a musical instrument consisting of a tube that makes a humming sound when breathed into.
|a flutelike organ stop.
|a chamois horn; an early wind instrument.
|an acoustic bass guitar > GITTARONES.
|an early plucked gut-stringed musical instrument of the guitar kind; (verb) to play on the GITTERN.
|gju gu gue
|a kind of violin formerly used in the Shetlands. [ON gigja].
|a musical instrument, a set of bells. [G. Glocken, bells, + Spiel, play].
|a metal disc, usu rimmed, that sounds when struck or rubbed with a drumstick; (verb) to summon by sounding a gong.
|like a gong.
|a kind of Chinese zither with silken strings.
|a notched gourd used as a percussion instrument in Latin America > GUIROS.
|a fretted musical instrument, usu six-stringed with a waisted body and a flat back.
|gusla gusle gusli
|a one-stringed Balkan musical instrument.
|a home-made bass fiddle with a single string.
|a bell held in the hand and played by shaking.
|a small, flat, wind instrument, in which the notes are produced by the vibration of free metallic reeds.
|a keyboard wind instrument with reeds.
|a keyboard instrument in which reeds are made to vibrate by air from a pedal-operated bellows.
|a musical instrument played by plucking strings stretched from a curved neck to an inclined soundboard; (verb) to play the harp.
|a musical instrument.
|an archaic name for OBOE. (Also a large kind of strawberry, with variant HAUTBOIS or HAUBOIS).
|an instrument of the OBOE family.
|a large circular brass tuba that fits around the player's shoulder.
|a twin-coil guitar pickup.
|a hurdy-gurdy or other musical instrument.
|a percussion instrument made of naturally resonant material.
|relating to an IDIOPHONE, a percussion instrument, such as a cymbal or xylophone, made of naturally sonorous material.
|a musical instrument played with the thumbs, consisting of metal strips along a small hollow piece of wood.
|a kind of zither.
|a kind of flute played in the Balkans.
|a drum made of thin copper in the form of a hemispherical kettle, with parchment stretched over the mouth of it.
|a bugle with keys.
|a small pocket violin.
|a West African musical instrument.
|a kind of musical instrument > KOTOS.
|a percussion instrument using the tops of beer bottles to make a jingling noise when struck or shaken.
|langspel langspiel langspil
|an old Shetland cithern.
|a J-shaped Roman trumpet > LITUUSES.
|a Bronze Age trumpet.
|like a lute.
|as in lyra viol, a lutelike instrument forerunner of the mandolin. No —S.
|a musical instrument like the harp, used esp in ancient Greece as an accompaniment to poetry.
|an electronic wind instrument like a large obverse flute.
|an ancient lute, a large MANDOLINE.
|a musical instrument of the lute kind.
|a musical instrument like the soprano saxophone > MANZELLOS.
|a kind of gourd, used as a musical instrument.
|an instrument resembling a xylophone. [African origin].
|an African musical instrument played with the thumbs.
|a brass wind instrument resembling the French horn.
|an electronic keyboard instrument programmed to produce the tape-recorder sounds of orchestral insruments.
|a small reed organ.
|a type of organ stop.
|a small wind instrument with a mouthpiece at one end and a keyboard. [Portmanteau of MELODEON + HARMONICA].
|an instrument like a xylophone with metal bars, the hammers being operated by hand or by means of a keyboard.
|a mechanical device which indicates the exact tempo of a piece of music by producing a clicking sound from a pendulum with an adjustable period of swing.
|a musical instrument resembling a kazoo; any instrument in which a sound is given a nasal quality by means of a vibrating membrane.
|a musical instrument having only one string.
|the visible pipes of an organ, usu. the open diapason.
|a funeral bell.
|mridamgam mridang mridanga mridangam
|a two-headed Indian drum, one head being larger than the other.
|a small bagpipe formerly in use, having a soft and sweet tone.
|an organ mutation stop.
|a Hebrew instrument, apparently a harp.
|a type of drum.
|a double-reed treble woodwind instrument.
|an egg-shaped flute-like wind instrument. [Ital. ocarina, dim. of oca, goose].
|an instrument of eight strings; a system of eight tones.
|imitating the sound of a tuba.
|a bass bugle-like keyed brass musical instrument.
|a name given to various keyboard or barrel organ instruments designed to imitate an orchestra.
|an early musical instrument resembling the hurdy-gurdy.
|a large lute-like stringed instrument with six to nine metal strings. [From Orpheus and Arion, mythical musicians].
|the PICCOLO > OTTAVINOS.
|a stringed instrument of Northern Africa, akin to the lute.
|a mechanical musical instrument mimicking an orchestra.
|a musical instrument.
|a kind of large dulcimer with one or two hundred strings of metal and gut.
|the bell of a wind instrument. [Fr. pavillon, pavilion].
|a pedal-board attached to a piano for the base strings.
|the part of some stringed instruments that holds the tuning pegs.
|a cheap toy whistle orig. sold for a penny.
|an ancient musical instrument with five strings.
|a one-stringed musical instrument which emits sounds through a metal amplifying horn.
|a kind of lyre used by the Greeks > PHORMINGES.
|an apparatus for the production of sound by the action of rays of light.
|the art or practice of using the PHOTOPHONE.
|a small upright piano.
|a small piano, a PIANETTE > PIANINOS.
|a large keyboard musical instrument having metal strings struck by hammers and stopped by dampers, with two or three pedals to regulate the volume or length of the notes. [Ital. piano, soft, + forte, loud].
|a type of piano player.
|lacking a piano.
|a small, shrill flute, the pitch of which is an octave higher than the ordinary flute > PICCOLOS.
|a type of oboe, a SHAWM; also, a bagpipe with an inflated sheepskin for the reservoir > PIFFEROS.
|a device that enables a player to bend the pitch of a note on a synthesiser.
|a small pipe used to pitch the voice or tune strings.
|plectre plectron plectrum
|a pick for stringed instruments. The pl. of PLECTRUM is PLECTRA or PLECTRUMS.
|Of a high pitched sound from a stringed instrument when plucked > PLINKIER, PLINKIEST.
|the bridge of a stringed instrument.
|the nose flute of the Hindus. [Hindi pugi].
|a portable organ.
|a feature on older organs, manually controlling soft stops.
|an ancient stringed musical instrument.
|of musical instruments, played by percussion.
|(adv.) PULSATIVE, of musical instruments, played by percussion.
|an organ-stop with pipes like inverted pyramids.
|an organ producing interference-tones by pairs of flames in tubes.
|a type of bamboo flute from the Andes.
|a five-stringed tenor viol.
|an old wind instrument of the double bassoon kind, having VENTAGES but not keys.
|a musical instrument consisting of a tube filled with sand or pebbles, which is inverted to produce a sound.
|a medieval musical instrument like a mandolin or viol.
|an organ stop that is made up of or that controls a rank of reed pipes.
|a small portable organ.
|a type of small guitar.
|a bull-roarer > RHOMBOI.
|a small three-stringed viol; a REBEC. A RIBIBE can also mean 'an old crone'.
|the deliberate simultaneous striking of skin and rim of drum.
|a mediaeval stringed instrument.
|sacbut sackbut sagbut
|a mediaeval music instrument.
|an organ stop with a tone like a willow pipe.
|an ancient triangular stringed instrument.
|a banjo-like Japanese 3-stringed instrument.
|a West African guitar > SANCHOS, SANKOS.
|a Chinese organ played by mouth.
|sansa zanza zanze
|an African musical instrument, aka MBIRA.
|santir santour santur santoor
|an Eastern dulcimer.
|an Indian stringed insrument, played like a fiddle.
|an Indian instrument like a cello.
|a double-reeded musical instrument resembling the bassoon.
|a brass wind instrument with a long winding tube and a bell opening. [From Antoine or Adolphe Sax].
|a jazz and dance band instrument with a reed, an S-shaped (properly metal) tube, and about twenty finger-keys.
|a large bass SAXHORN.
|a stringed instrument of Turkey and the Middle East > SAZES or SAZZES.
|a kind of small reed organ or harmonium.
|a small barrel-organ for training songbirds.
|a mixture stop on an organ.
|a Japanese bamboo flute.
|an ancient oboe-like musical instrument.
|a double-reed wind instrument of India.
|a ram's horn trumpet used in Jewish ceremonies > SHOFARS or SHOFROTH; SHOPHARS or SHOPHROTH.
|a kind of rattle, consisting of a wooden or metal frame fitted with loose strips of metal and disks which jingled when moved > SISTRA or SISTRUMS.
|an Indian musical instrument. [Urdu sitar, f. sih three + tar string].
|a musical instrument having only one string, aka MONOCHORD.
|sordine sordino sourdine
|a mute or damper. The plural of SORDINO is SORDINI.
|a small post on guitars, violins etc. that joins the front surface to the back.
|a small bagpipe.
|a musical instrument similar to a tuba.
|spinet spinette spinnet
|a musical instrument like a small harpsichord.
|an instrument like a xylophone > STICCADOS or STICCADOES; STICCATOS or STICCATOES.
|a primitive Scottish musical instrument made of a cow's horn, a sheep's thigh bone or elder pipe, with stops and a single reed.
|a violin made by Stradivarius.
|a type of battery-powered electronic instrument played with a steel-tipped penlike stylus.
|a pedal stop producing the lowest note on an organ.
|an Indian stringed instrument, larger than a sitar.
|an instrument consisting of two convex pieces of metal, placed in the mouth to make the voice of Mr Punch.
|a combination of piano and harmonium.
|taber tabor tabour
|a light medieval drum buckled onto the player's chest; (verb) to play on this.
|an Indian percussion instrument, a pair of small drums.
|, tabourin a small drum longer in body than the TABOR.
|a drum of various types; a circular embroidery frame; (verb) to embroider on a tambour.
|tamboura tambur tambura
|an Eastern stringed instrument, used to produce a drone.
|a long, narrow, Provencal drum; a two-beat dance style, accompanied by a tambourin.
|a shallow single-headed drum with jingles fitted round its rim, played on by beating or tapping with the hand.
|(Spenser) a tambourine.
|a large Indian kettledrum worn hanging round the neck.
|an obsolete tenor bassoon.
|a double-necked lute > THEORBOS. [Ital. tiorba].
|an electronic musical instrument. [From Léon Thérémin (b. 1896), Russian engineer, its inventor].
|a piece that is pressed by the thumb or receives the thumb.
|a kind of kettledrum.
|a kind of drum, tabor, or tabret, in use from the highest antiquity.
|a kettledrum; -- chiefly used in the plural TIMPANI or TYMPANI to denote the kettledrums of an orchestra.
|= TIMPANI, small drums. N.B. no TIMP*.
|a pedal-coupler in an organ.
|a kind of simple flute.
|a lever on an electric guitar for producing a tremolo.
|a musical instrument of percussion, formed of a steel rod bent in a triangle form.
|an instrument, as a lyre or harp, having three strings.
|a brass musical wind instrument, consisting of a tube bent twice on itself, with a slide.
|an orchestral, military and signalling wind instrument of powerful and brilliant tone; (verb) to make a sound of or as of a trumpet.
|resembling a trumpet.
|an ancient trumpet > TUBAS or TUBAE.
|an Australian bull-roarer, an oblong slip of wood, whirled at the end of a string to give a loud whirring noise.
|any drum-like instrument; a TYMPANUM.
|as in uillean pipes, a kind of bagpipes developed in Ireland and operated by squeezing bellows under the arm.
|uke ukelele ukulele
|a small four-stringed guitar originating in Hawaii but developed from an earlier Portuguese instrument. [Hawaiian 'jumping flea'].
|an Indian stringed instrument.
|a finger-hole, as in a flute.
|a valve for giving sounds intermediate between the open harmonics in wind instruments.
|an instrument having metal bars under which are electrically-operated resonators, played by striking the bars with small hammers.
|a type of gramophone.
|a French name for the Hurdy Gurdy, a mechanical development of the violin (also once known as a Vielle) with the strings vibrated by a wheel, and keys stopping the strings.
|an old Spanish musical instrument related to the guitar.
|any member of a class of stringed instruments, forerunners of the violin class.
|a tenor fiddle, slightly bigger than the violin, tuned a fifth lower.
|the smallest of the modern stringed instruments with four strings tuned in fifths, held under the chin and played with a bow.
|a musical instrument, aka CELLO > VIOLONCELLI or VIOLONCELLOS.
|a double-bass viol > VIOLONES.
|a small, legless, 16th and 17th C. harp; (verb) to play on the virginal.
|a musical instrument resembling a harmonium.
|a South African instrument blown by football fans.
|an organ flute stop of 4 feet in length.
|a French valveless hunting horn.
|a light bell made to be sounded by the wind.
|the part of a piano hammer raised when a note is played.
|as in wokka board, a piece of fibreboard used as a musical instrument.
|any orchestral wind instrument other than the brass instruments.
|a musical percussion instrument consisting of a graduated series of wooden bars, usu. played by striking with two small round-ended hammers.
|a combination of xylophone and marimba.
|a long wooden wind instrument played by the Aboriginal people of Arnhem Land > YIDAKIS.
|a Spanish musical instrument consisting of parchment over a jar.
|an Italian bagpipe with 2 drones and 2 conical chanters, all in one stock.
|an Oriental cymbal.
|a stringed musical instrument of Africa.
|one of a pair of finger cymbals.
|an old wind instrument, like a cornet.
|a musical instrument of strings stretched over a horizontal sounding board and plucked with a plectrum.
|a small flute used to train songbirds > ZUFFOLI, ZUFOLI or ZUFOLOS.