Now updated for CSW19. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.
|a variation in root vowel, as in sing, sang, song, sung, explained by former accentuation (aka gradation).
|to pronounce with prominence.
|a consonant that begins as a PLOSIVE and ends as a FRICATIVE; (verb) to sound a consonant in that way.
|the act of making a sound AFFRICATIVE.
|(a sound) like an AFFRICATE.
|any of several speech sounds regarded as variants of a given PHONEME.
|of or like an ALLOPHONE.
|of a sound, pronounced with tongue and alveolus > ALVEOLARLY; (noun) a sound so pronounced > ALVEOLARS.
|relating to ANAPTYXIS, the insertion of a vowel between two consonants for ease of pronunciation.
|the insertion of a vowel between two consonants for ease of pronunciation > ANAPTYXES.
|the taking away of a syllable at the beginning of a word > APHAERESES, APHERESES.
|relating to APHAERESIS, the taking away of a syllable at the beginning of a word.
|the loss of unaccented vowel at beginning of word, e.g. squire for esquire > APHESES. [Gk. aphesis, letting go].
|relating to APHESIS, the loss of unaccented vowel at beginning of word > APHETICALLY.
|to shorten by APHESIS.
|without voice; voiceless; nonvocal.
|loss of voice or vocal utterance > APHONIES. Also APHONIA.
|to cut off the end of a word.
|the omission of the last sound, syllable, or part of a word, e.g. mag for magazine, fab for fabulous.
|relating to APOCOPE, the cutting off of the last sound or syllable of a word.
|variation in the root vowel of words to change meaning, aka ABLAUT.
|to make (a sound) rough or harsh.
|a type of PLOSIVE > ASPIRATAE.
|to pronounce the sound of h at the beginning of a word.
|to pronounce with a hiss or sibilant.
|speaking with a sibilant sound.
|a word or syllable that resembles another in sound.
|to correspond in sound.
|the pronunciation of the sound B as V.
|a sound or consonant produced by both lips touching, for example p, b, m.
|to speak with uvular r, especially in Afrikaans > BREIS, BREIING, BREID. Also BREY.
|to speak with uvular r, especially in Afrikaans > BREYS, BREYING, BREYED. Also BREI.
|having a slight BROGUE.
|the use of an Irish accent.
|the rough sound of r pronounced in the throat, as by many Northumberland people; a continual humming sound as of a machine; (verb) to speak with a burr.
|relating to CACOEPY, incorrect pronunciation.
|(a sound) pronounced with the tongue-tip curled up towards the hard palate > CACUMINALS.
|pronounced with the tongue-tip curled up towards the hard palate > CEREBRALLY; (noun) a cerebral consonant > CEREBRALS.
|a word not capable of being pronounced with full word stress but dependent on, and pronounced as though part of, the preceding or following word.
|to pronounce as part of following or preceding word.
|to make (an accent) COCKNEY i.e. a London dialect spoken in the East End.
|consistent with > CONSONANTLY; (noun) any speech sound other than a vowel.
|continuing; prolonged; sustained; as, a continuant sound.
|shortening in pronunciation.
|(a word) hard to pronounce > CRACKJAWS.
|blending; the melding of two VOWELS into a DIPHTHONG > CRASES. [Gk. krasis, mixture].
|a sound produced by applying the tongue to the teeth or gums > DENTALS, DENTALLY.
|to make (a sound) dental.
|use of the teeth in pronouncing words.
|(a sound) pronounced (as th) with tongue against teeth > DENTILINGUALS.
|to make VOICELESS.
|to make VOICELESS.
|a union of two vowels pronounced in one syllable.
|having two syllables.
|a word with two syllables.
|to speak slowly with vowels greatly prolonged.
|one who drawls.
|in a drawling manner.
|in a drawling manner > DRAWLIER, DRAWLIEST.
|the omission of sounds or words in speech > ECLIPSISES.
|the lengthening of a syllable from short to long > ECTASES.
|relating to ECTASIS, the lengthening of a syllable from short to long.
|omitting one or more sounds in pronouncing a word.
|a malapropism or misspelling arising from similarity between the sound of the misspelled or misused word and the correct one in the accent of the person making the mistake.
|of speech sounds, pronounced with exhalation of breath; (noun) an egressive speech sound.
|a sound produced with air compressed above the closed glottis.
|(adv.) EJECTIVE, of a sound produced with air compressed above the closed glottis.
|uttered with emphasis; (noun) an emphatic consonant > EMPHATICS
|uttered with emphasis.
|the state of being EMPHATICAL.
|the act of enunciating.
|relating to ENUNCIATION.
|to pronounce distinctly.
|the insertion of an extra sound into a word, e.g. fillum for film > EPENTHESES.
|inserted in the body of a word; as, an epenthetic letter or sound.
|the pronunciation of eta as close e. Cf. ITACISM.
|an agreeable sound; a pleasing, easy pronunciation.
|of or produced in the fauces, as are certain Semitic guttural sounds.
|a component of a speech sound determining its particular quality.
|pronounced with tension and strong articulation (fortis consonants: f, p). [L. strong].
|produced by the forcing of air through a restricted passage, as with 'f''.
|another name for ABLAUT.
|a sound produced in the throat, or by the back of the tongue and the (soft) palate > GUTTURALS, GUTTURALLY.
|showing HAPLOLOGY, the contraction of a word by the omission of one or more similar sounds or syllables.
|the contraction of a word by the omission of one or more similar sounds or syllables (as in mineralogy for mineralology or prob-ly for probably) > HAPLOLOGIES.
|(a sound) roughly trilled > HIRRIENTS.
|exhibiting HOMOPHONOUS, sameness of sound.
|sameness of sound > HOMOPHONIES.
|articulated at the same point in the vocal tract as a consonant in a different class.
|an IMPLOSIVE sound.
|in the formation of voiceless stops, compression of enclosed air by simultaneous stoppage of the mouth parts and the glottis.
|of or relating to implosion > IMPLOSIVELY; (noun) an implosive consonant > IMPLOSIVES.
|pronounced with inhalation rather than exhalation of breath.
|pronounced with the tip of the tongue between upper and lower teeth.
|the conversion of other vowel sounds in Greek to iota > IOTACISMS.
|pronunciation of the Greek letter eta as the modern Greeks pronounce it, that is, like e in the English word be. Cf. ETACISM.
|a word hard to pronounce. Cf. CRACKJAW.
|difficult to pronounce.
|in a manner difficult to pronounce.
|a fault in speaking or in composition, which consists in too frequent use of the letter l, or in doubling it erroneously.
|(a sound) pronounced with the lips > LABIALS, LABIALLY.
|to pronounce with rounded lips
|the quality of being LABIAL.
|(a sound) pronounced with lips and teeth, such as f.
|(a sound) a sound produced with nose and closed lips.
|(a sound) produced by the lips and soft palate together, such as w.
|to articulate R as L > LALLS, LALLING, LALLED.
|infant's talk, or speech similar to it; the pronunciation of r as l > LALLATIONS.
|a sound with little or no aspiration: b and d, compared to p and t > LENES. [L. lenis, soft].
|to undergo LENITION.
|a softening of articulation, common in Celtic languages > LENITIONS.
|pronounced with the tongue > LINGUALLY; (noun) a sound pronounced using the tongue > LINGUALS.
|to pronounce the letters S and Z imperfectly > LISPS, LISPING, LISPED.
|one who lisps > LISPERS.
|1. (Lat.) a voiced consonantal stop > MEDIAE. 2. a channel of communication > MEDIAS.
|incorrect placement of 'n' at the start of a word following an indefinite article > METANALYSES.
|the transposition within a word of letters, sounds, or syllables, as in the change from Old English brid to modern English bird or in the confusion of modren for modern > METATHESES.
|to pronounce wrongly.
|to sound wrongly; to utter or pronounce incorrectly.
|two written vowels representing a single sound, e.g. oo, oa.
|a person skilled in recognizing vocal changes caused by muscular tension.
|of certain consonants, having a 'liquid' or softened sound.
|through the nose > NASALLY; (noun) a sound uttered through the nose > NASALS.
|to make nasal in pronunciation; utter with a nasal sound
|the quality or state of being nasal.
|denoting or speaking a dialect of English in which preconsonantal r's are not pronounced.
|a sound characterized by obstruction of the airstream: a plosive, fricative, or affricate.
|a consonantal sound produced with stoppage of breath.
|(a sound) pronounced through both the mouth and nose > ORINASALS: ORINASALLY.
|relating to ORTHOEPY, the study of correct pronunciation.
|the customary pronunciation of a language; the study thereof.
|(a word) taking an accent in certain positions but not in others > ORTHOTONES.
|taking an accent in certain positions but not in others.
|a word bearing an acute accent on the last syllable. [Gk. oxys, sharp + tonos, tone].
|like an oxytone.
|of or pertaining to the palate > PALATALLY; (noun) a sound made with the palate > PALATALS.
|to make (a sound) PALATAL.
|the addition of a sound to the end of a word.
|relating to a PARAGOGE, the addition of a sound to the end of a word.
|abnormality of speech sounds.
|transposition of words or syllables in reading, due to brain damage.
|relating to PARALEXIA, transposition of words or syllables in reading, due to brain damage.
|a word having an acute accent on the penultimate syllable.
|of or relating to the voice; as, phonal structure.
|the production of vocal sound.
|relating to PHONATION, the production of vocal sound.
|the smallest significant unit of sound in a language.
|relating to a PHONEME > PHONEMICS.
|a student of PHONETICS.
|the branch of linguistics that deals with pronunciation and speech production.
|the science which treats of vocal sounds.
|one versed in phonetics; a phonologist.
|a student of PHONOLOGY, the branch of linguistics that deals with systems of sounds.
|the branch of linguistics that deals with systems of sounds.
|a pronunciation with a wide mouth-opening, as in Doric Greek.
|the articulation of a plosive sound such as p in lop or d in adorn.
|an explosive (sound), as p.
|denoting the syllable before the one bearing the primary stress in a word.
|the pronunciation of a word as a proclitic.
|drawn out > PROLATELY; (verb) to lengthen out in utterance.
|the state of being PROLATE.
|to articulate one's words.
|the development of an extra initial sound at the beginning of a word > PROTHESES.
|of or pertaining to PROTHESIS, the development of an extra initial sound at the beginning of a word.
|the carrying forward of a sound at the end of a word to the beginning of the next (as 'a newt' from original from 'an ewt').
|a defect in articulation or pronunciation > PSELLISMS, PSELLISMUSES.
|resounding, ringing > RESONANTLY; (noun) a liquid or nasal consonant > RESONANTS.
|to change to an r- sound, esp. from z.
|the excessive use or faulty pronunciation of the letter R.
|one whose speech shows RHOTACISM.
|relating to RHOTACISM, the excessive use or faulty pronunciation of the letter R.
|r- pronouncing, as defining a dialect. [Gk. rho, the Greek R].
|the quality of being RHOTIC, r- pronouncing, as defining a dialect.
|the modification of a sound of a word by its context, e.g. the difference in pronunciation of the in 'the house' and in 'the other house' > SANDHIS.
|in Hebrew, a disyllabic noun form with a tone-long vowel in the first and a short seghol (vowel-point) in the second syllable.
|a speech sound having the nature of both a vowel and a consonant.
|of or relating to a semivowel.
|a speech sound having the nature of both a vowel and a consonant.
|pronunciation with a hissing sound.
|to pronounce (words) with, or produce, a hissing sound.
|repetition of the sigma sound.
|the quality of being SONANT.
|a voiced sound; a syllabic consonant.
|of a sound, uttered with vibration of the vocal chords.
|a voiced consonant regarded as a syllabic sound e.g. the n in sudden.
|(a sound) pronounced with friction of breath against part of mouth, as f or s.
|voiceless. N.B. no SPIRATE*.
|of words formed in speech order in the mind with or without (inaudible) movements of the speech organs > SUBVOCALLY.
|as in suctional stop, a stop consonant in which the contact of the articulating organs is followed by an inrush of air.
|a recurrent pattern of stress in speech.
|a syllabic sound; a unit of sound capable by itself of forming a syllable, or constituting the essential element of a syllable.
|to divide into syllables.
|to form or divide into syllables.
|division into syllables.
|to utter or express in (or as in) syllables or articulate speech.
|the running together of vowels into a diphthong > SYNAERESES, SYNERESES.
|the melting of a final vowel or diphthong into the initial vowel or diphthong of the next word.
|syncopal syncopic syncoptic
|of or showing SYNCOPE, the shortening a word by the omission of a sound, letter, or syllable from the middle of the word.
|to shorten a word by cutting out its middle.
|repetition of the same sound.
|an unaspirated voiceless stop consonant, such as k, p or t > TENUES.
|to utter or articulate in or from the throat; to express throatily > THROATS, THROATING, THROATED.
|of a voice, vocal sound, etc. produced or modified in the throat; guttural > THROATIER, THROATIEST; THROATILY.
|in a tone language, a phoneme that can be distinguished from another only by its tone intonation.
|relating to a TONEME.
|of or relating to tonal pronunciation or languages > TONETICS, TONETICALLY.
|the study of pronunciation.
|three vowel sounds pronounced as one.
|having three syllables.
|a nasal tone in speaking; (verb) to sound with a twang.
|to articulate without rounding the lips.
|a syllable with relatively weak stress. N.B. this is not a verb: no UNSTRESSING*.
|pronounced without stress, or with relatively weak stress.
|to pronounce a voiced consonant without voice.
|to speak with a rising inflection at the end of each sentence, as if asking a question.
|relating to the uvula > UVULARLY; (noun) a sound produced by use of the uvula > UVULARS.
|of the velum, the pendulous soft palate; (noun) a consonant produced by the back of the tongue > VELARS.
|relating to a VELAR, a back consonant.
|the pronunciation of a word with the back of the tongue touching the soft palate.
|to articulate a sound by retracting the tongue toward the soft palate.
|vibrating, resonant > VIBRANTLY; (noun) a sonant, a voiced sound; a syllabic consonant > VIBRANTS.
|of or pertaining to vowel sounds > VOCALICALLY; (noun) a vowel sound > VOCALICS.
|to form with the voice; to articulate
|one who VOCALIZES.
|a slight vowel sound completing the articulation of certain consonants.
|to sound with resonance of the vocal chords.
|sounded without resonance of the vocal chords.
|a speech-sound produced by the unimpeded passage of the breath > VOWELLY; (verb) to articulate the words in singing > VOWELS, VOWELLING, VOWELLED.
|to give the quality, sound, or office of a vowel to.
|vowelly > VOWELLIER, VOWELLIEST
|full of vowels.