Now updated for CSW19. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.
|to pay as a penalty > ABYS, ABYING, ABOUGHT. (ABIES exists as a fir tree).
|to pay the penalty for > ABYES, ABYING, ABOUGHT (not ABYED*).
|a fine or reparation paid.
|to punish by a fine whose amount is fixed by the court; broadly, to punish > AMERCES, AMERCING, AMERCED or (Spenser) AMEARST. [L. merces, wages]
|liable to be amerced.
|the infliction of a fine.
|one who AMERCES, fines, punishes.
|the loss of civil rights, formerly a result of outlawry or a death sentence.
|pertaining to the stick or cane; pertaining to flogging.
|to expel, exile.
|to punish by beating on the soles of the feet.
|to cut off the head of.
|the act of beheading.
|(Scots) a kind of boot used for torture.
|the string of a bow; (verb) to strangle with a bowstring > BOWSTRINGS, BOWSTRINGING, BOWSTRINGED or BOWSTRUNG.
|a wooden collar used to punish criminals in China.
|a scaffold or stage for torture or selling slaves.
|the act of commuting.
|to change a sentence (esp. the death sentence) for a less severe punishment.
|the policy or practice of transporting convicts to penal settlements.
|to punish by whipping with a cowhide.
|one who crucifies.
|execution by crucifying.
|to put to death on a cross.
|of or like custody e.g. a custodial sentence.
|handcuffs. [From the rigid terms of a 16th century English usurer of that name]. N.B. no DARBY*.
|to cut off the head of.
|to punish a group by killing every tenth person.
|the act of decimating.
|one who decimates.
|of, relating to, or characteristic of Draco or the severe code of laws held to have been framed by him.
|being DRACONIC in the administration of laws.
|hardship; constraint; restraint of liberty.
|to execute (a criminal) by electricity.
|execution by electricity.
|, erick a blood-fine paid by a murderer in old Irish law.
|to put to death esp. judicially.
|the act of executing.
|to banish from one's own country.
|relating to EXILE.
|to beat, whip.
|liable or subject to a fine; as, a finable person or offense.
|the state of being FINEABLE.
|to whip; to scourge.
|to strip off the skin from.
|of an offence, punishable by flogging.
|torture by pinching with forceps.
|a penalty for a crime, or failure to fulfil some condition; (verb) to lose as a penalty.
|that can be forfeited.
|the act of forfeiting.
|death by shooting.
|a wooden frame for hanging criminals > GALLOWSES.
|(Scots) deserving of the gallows; (in the pl. GALLUSES) trouser braces.
|an impaling apparatus; (verb, obs.) to execute by impaling on stakes or hooks.
|punishment by gating, keeping in.
|a gallows; (verb) to hang on a gibbet > GIBBETS, GIBBETING or GIBBETTING, GIBBETED or GIBBETTED.
|an instrument for beheading consisting of a weighted blade allowed to drop between two tall grooved uprights; (verb) to behead with a guillotine.
|to pierce with a pointed object esp. as a form of execution.
|the act of impaling.
|a rhinoceros-hide whip; (verb) to beat with this.
|a military punishment of detention etc. for defaulters. [JANKER exists as a long pole for transporting logs].
|(Scots) an old instrument of punishment consisting of a hinged iron collar locked round an offender's neck and attached by a chain to a wall or post. N.B. no JOUG*.
|to punish by dragging under the keel of a ship.
|to flog; to scourge.
|a kind of whip; (verb) to whip with a kurbash.
|to stone to death.
|the act of stoning.
|drowning, especially of many persons together as form of execution.
|a knob; (verb, obs.) to hang.
|to practise OSTRACISM.
|banishment by popular vote, -- a means adopted at Athens to rid the city of a person whose talent and influence gave umbrage.
|the act of putting someone outside the protection of the law.
|of or pertaining to the gallows.
|pertaining to punishment > PENALLY.
|the state of being penal; liability to punishment.
|relating to PENOLOGY, the study of crime and punishment.
|the study of crime and punishment.
|a method of ostracism practised in ancient Syracuse, the name being written on an olive leaf.
|pilliwinks pilniewinks pinniewinkle pinnywinkle
|an instrument of torture designed to crush fingers.
|a wooden frame with holes for head and hands used as punishment; (verb) to put in a pillory.
|a bull's penis used as instrument of punishment by flogging.
|relating to the period after an EXILE, esp. of the Jews.
|relating to the period before an EXILE, esp. of the Jews.
|to impose a penalty on in requital for wrongdoing.
|worthy of punishment.
|punishing; tending to punishment; punitive.
|an instrument for stretching, esp an instrument of torture; (verb) to stretch on the rack.
|the action of banishing, or the state of being banished, into the country.
|an instrument of torture for the feet. N.B. no SCARPINE*.
|to punish severely esp. with a whip.
|(Shakesp.) punished by being put in the stocks.
|a device for holding delinquents by the ankles, and often the wrists.
|carrying the penalty of being stoned, i.e. pelted with stones.
|a form of torture in which victim is left dangling from a rope; (verb) to torture by this > STRAPPADOS or STRAPPADOES, STRAPPADOING, STRAPPADOED.
|to hang by the neck. [From the abbreviation of suspendatur per collum (sus. per coll.), 'let him be hanged by the neck', in the entry of a capital sentence in a jailer's books].
|a narrow box or cell in which a prisoner is placed for punishment.
|(Lat.) a punishment identical to the crime e.g. death sentence for murder.
|pertaining to revenge in kind.
|an instrument of torture for compressing the thumb; a thumbscrew.
|an instrument of torture for compressing the thumb by a screw.
|a machine with a continuously moving surface of adjustable speed used for exercising on by running or walking; used as a punishment in jails and also available in the more expensive gyms.
|a vehicle carrying condemned persons to a place of execution.
|not subject to a fine.
|to flog; to be flogged.
|weregild wergeld wergelt wergild
|(OE) money paid by a killer's family to the family of the victim to prevent a blood feud; the cash value of a man's life.