Now updated for CSW19. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.
|capable of being abated; as, an abatable writ or nuisance.
|to repeal (a law, custom, etc.); to abolish authoritatively or formally.
|the act of abrogating, formally annulling.
|relating to annulment.
|in Scots law, a judgment favourable to a defender.
|liable to be accused; chargeable with a crime or fault.
|the act of accusing.
|denoting a judicial procedure in which the judge is not the same person as the prosecutor.
|containing or expressing ACCUSATION.
|to free or clear from a charge of fault or crime.
|to adjudge, award.
|to cite as proof or instance.
|to settle judicially.
|that which supports or aids, especially evidence.
|the act of advocating.
|to assess; to reduce to a certain fixed sum.
|to strengthen a jury by adding skilled people.
|the act of AFFORCING, strengthening a jury by adding skilled people.
|to give an alibi to > ALIBIS or ALIBIES, ALIBIING, ALIBIED.
|the state or legal condition of being an alien.
|from another source; from elsewhere; as, a case proved aliunde; evidence aliunde.
|of legislation etc., directed against the adverse effect of trusts and other monopolies on commerce.
|to accuse, impeach.
|capable of being appealed against; that may be removed to a higher tribunal for decision; as, the cause is appealable.
|pertaining to, or taking cognizance of, (legal) appeals.
|in Scots law, to put a selling price on.
|the sheriff's sentence directing property to be apprized.
|to subject to judgment by an arbiter.
|of or relating to an arbiter or an arbitration.
|a power of decision > ARBITRIUMS.
|to call before a court of law to answer an indictment.
|the act of arresting.
|a decision; the judgment of a tribunal.
|(verb) to charge with specific offenses.
|a legislative session, dealing e.g. with weights, measures, and prices; (verb, obs.) to assess, to fix the quantity of.
|to absolve, to clear a defendant of a charge > ASSOILZIES, ASSOILZIEING, ASSOILZIED.
|in Scots law, indemnification for injury; satisfaction.
|an (esp unsuccessful) attempt at an (esp political) crime of violence.
|based on personal observation, as autoptic testimony.
|a private consideration of a case by a judge.
|the region in which a sheriff (BAILIE) has legal powers.
|the jurisdiction of a BAILLI.
|notice given in church etc. of an intended marriage, read on three Sundays to give an opportunity for objections to be made. N.B. no BANN*.
|a system of criminal identification by detailed measurements, worked out by Alphonse Bertillon (1853-1914), a Paris police officer.
|that can be billed, e.g. of a lawyer's hours.
|being in two parts e.g. of a document > BIPARTITELY.
|goods. No —S.
|compensation for injury or damage to property.
|with a BOUNTY on one's head.
|a law established by previous cases.
|annulment; in French law, the quashing of a decision of a court.
|a (legal) cause > CAUSAE.
|in Scots law, the act of giving security for another.
|a police document listing details of an accused person and the charges against him or her.
|to declare elapsed, as the time allowed for introducing evidence.
|able to be cited.
|having the power or form of a citation; as, letters citatory.
|entitled to, or admitting, the benefit of clergy; as, a clergyable felony.
|to attest together with.
|to examine; to give judgment on.
|relating to the COMITIA, or popular assemblies of the Romans for electing officers and passing laws.
|the act of committing e.g. to trial.
|in Scots law, a means of compelling.
|the exoneration of an accused person on the basis of oaths sworn by other persons.
|relating to COMPURGATION, the clearing of an accused person by means of oaths.
|relating to COMPURGATION, the clearing of an accused person by means of oaths.
|to prove guilty.
|the act of convicting of a crime especially in a court of law.
|a medieval trial in which the accused had to swallow consecrated bread.
|to sue someone who is suing one.
|a suit in retaliation.
|a claim made by a defendant against a plaintiff.
|the codition of being held by the police.
|capable of being damaged; as, a damageable cargo.
|a condition which, if fulfilled, renders an agreement or instrument null and void; a document setting out such a condition.
|liable to be forfeited.
|that may be annulled.
|to keep out of possession by force.
|the act of DEFORCING.
|a legal distress.
|to report (an offense), denounce, or accuse.
|the action of informing against someone; (an) accusation.
|to state, declare, or testify on oath in court; to depose.
|to judge, to decide.
|that renders absolutely void; nullifying; diriment impediment: making a marriage null and void from the first. No —S.
|to render (a law) inapplicable.
|to expel from the bar, or the legal profession.
|a denial or disavowal of legal claim.
|of a woman: without a husband, not covert.
|to deprive of the claim of a pauper to public support.
|seizure of goods.
|(Scots) an indictment, a charge.
|capable of being endowed; entitled to dower.
|a second reply in Scots law; (verb) to say in duply.
|first born. [Fr. aine].
|funds set apart for repairs, in the accounts of the Inner Temple. N.B. no EMENDAL*.
|empanel impanel impannel
|to form a list of jurors; a panel.
|the act of EMPANELLING.
|the passing of a bill into law.
|having power to enact or establish as a law.
|the passing of a bill into law.
|pertaining to the enactment of law.
|the giving of an excuse for not appearing in court.
|to excuse (someone) for not appearing in court.
|to impede or bar by ESTOPPEL, a bar to alleging or denying a fact because of one's own previous contrary actions or words.
|the condition of being barred by ESTOPPEL.
|a bar to alleging or denying a fact because of one's own previous contrary actions or words.
|a beast found within a manor or lordship, wandering from its owner; (verb) to stray.
|to consult court records in order to enable prosecution.
|to act as evidence.
|clear > EVIDENTLY; (noun) that which serves as evidence > EVIDENTS.
|in Scots law, to exchange.
|tending or serving to clear from alleged fault or guilt.
|pertaining to administration, or putting the laws in force; executive.
|to deliver up by one government to another, as a fugitive from justice.
|outside the law.
|the privilege of being outside the jurisdiction of the country one is in.
|a journey in circuit of certain judges called justices in eyre.
|a man's own act and deed > FACTUMS or FACTA.
|a bundle of rods with an axe used to symbolise authority.
|pertaining to the FASCES.
|a bundle of rods with an axe used to symbolise authority > FASCES.
|of the nature of trust > FIDUCIALLY.
|Islamic jurisprudence, an expansion of the Sharia Islamic law.
|that which is fixed or attached to something as a permanent appendage.
|a surety for keeping the peace, aka FRANKPLEDGE.
|sanctuary or asylum.
|to carry an uncooperative drunkard or prisoner.
|(things that are) mutually interchangeable > FUNGIBLES.
|an action brought by an arrester against the arrestee and the common debtor after an arrestment in order that the arrested money or property be delivered to the arrester.
|the essence or the most serious part of an accusation > GRAVAMENS or GRAVAMINA. [L. gravare, to burden and ultimately from L. gravis, heavy].
|the state of being GUILTY.
|worthy of blame for an offense > GUILTIER, GUILTIEST; GUILTILY.
|in Channel Islands, a cry announcing legal redress > HAROS.
|subject to different or foreign laws.
|subordination or subjection to the law of another, as opposed to AUTONOMY.
|the state of being a HOLDER e.g. of a bill.
|a reconstructed picture of a person (esp. a suspect sought by police) assembled from features described by a witness or witnesses.
|to make an accusation against (a person); accuse of, charge.
|the act of impeaching.
|to institute and prosecute a suit against, in court > IMPLEADS, IMPLEADING, IMPLEADED or IMPLED.
|an action for the purpose of declaring some instrument false or forged.
|to bring in to court > INBRINGS, INBRINGING, INBROUGHT.
|to search out.
|to charge with a crime.
|that can be indicted > INDICTABLY.
|the action or the legal process of indicting.
|in Scots law, the time limit within which (after a citation) the defendant must appear in court or reply. N.B. no INDUCIA*.
|the authority to inquire into something e.g. for the benefit of the Crown > INQUIRENDOS.
|the true meaning or intention of something, esp a law.
|an interest; (verb) to interest.
|to plead against each other, or go to trial between themselves, as the claimants in an interpleader.
|the state of being null and void.
|issue or expiry.
|an omission or oversight in a law proceeding.
|to search a vessel for smuggled goods.
|a legal uniting or joining.
|capable of being judged; capable of being tried or decided upon.
|having power to judge; as, the judicative faculty.
|pertaining to the administration of justice; dispensing justice.
|the power of dispensing justice by trial.
|relating to the process of law > JUDICIALLY.
|pertaining to an oath.
|relating to the administration of justice; pertaining to a judge > JURIDICALLY.
|without a JURY.
|liable to trial.
|lagan lagend ligan
|cargo jettisoned from ship but marked by buoys for recovery.
|hidden > LATENTLY; (noun) a barely visible fingerprint that can be developed for study.
|low > LAWER, LAWEST; (obs.) to take to court.
|allowed by law (the body of rules governing the affairs of a community) > LAWFULLY.
|the state of being LAWFUL.
|the giving of law.
|having no system of laws.
|the state of being LAWLESS.
|being like the law.
|the process of making law.
|a legal action.
|to make legal.
|belief that salvation depends on strict adherence to the law.
|inclined to LEGALISM.
|the condition of being lawful.
|to make laws; to pass law in the form of an Act of Parliament or by delegated legislation.
|a person who believes in the right of royal succession according to the principle of heredity and primogeniture.
|in Scots law, connivance at one's wife's adultery > LENOCINIUMS.
|fit to be levied; capable of being assessed and collected; as, sums leviable by course of law.
|law > LEXES or LEGES.
|such as can be litigated.
|to have recourse to LITIGATION.
|legal dispute esp. by means of a lawsuit.
|surety for the appearance of a prisoner at trial; (verb) to allow a prisoner to go free based on a guarantee that he or she will appear in court on the designated day > MAINPRISING, MAINPRISED.
|a means of defence; a record fortifying or proving a claim.
|in USA, to inform an accused person of their rights.
|to misjudge > MISDEEMS, MISDEEMING, MISDEEMED or (Spenser) MISDEMPT.
|the issue in a writ of right.
|an incorrect union of parties or of causes of action in a procedure, criminal or civil.
|the use of a wrong name or designation esp. the misnaming of a person in a legal instrument; (verb) to use a misnomer.
|a caution; a warning, especially legal.
|a legal authorization to a debtor to postpone payment for a certain time; the period of such a postponement > MORATORIA or MORATORIUMS.
|an impression made for use as evidence in a criminal investigation.
|a person who applies to a court for a favorable ruling.
|the action of taking another's goods by distraint; goods so taken.
|the test of ability to read for those who claimed benefit of clergy, usu. Psalm 51.1.
|overmuch, excessive; inordinate (now chiefly as a Sc. legal term).
|taking effect at a specified date unless cause is shown otherwise. No —S.
|a type of legal plea > NOLOS.
|based on law or a sacred book.
|related to NOMOLOGY, the science of the laws; especially of the mind.
|the science of the laws; especially of the mind.
|legislative; based on law.
|giving laws; legislative.
|legal infancy; minority.
|having the quality of NONAGE; being a minor.
|something that is not EVIDENCE.
|the state of not being guilty.
|the omission of some person who ought to have been made a plaintiff or defendant in a suit, or of some cause of action which ought to be joined.
|not judged by a jury > NONJURIES.
|to enter a judgment against a plaintiff who fails to prosecute > NONPROSSES, NONPROSSING, NONPROSSED.
|the stopping of a suit by voluntary withdrawal of the plaintiff, or by the judge when the plaintiff has failed to make out cause of action or to bring evidence; (verb) to execute a nonsuit.
|not having TENURE.
|to attest to, authenticate.
|in Scots law, notorious.
|capable of taking an oath.
|the act of binding by oath; a solemn charge.
|to bind by oath; to entreat solemnly.
|the person to whom another is bound, or the person to whom a bond is given.
|to obey (a judgment or decree.
|the charge, office, court, or jurisdiction of an official.
|a hearing in a lawcourt, an assize.
|given by word of mouth, as in parol evidence; (noun) a parole.
|subject to parole.
|to release from prison before completion of the imposed sentence.
|of or pertaining to pleas or pleading, in courts of law.
|to dispute in a law-court > PLEAS, PLEAING, PLEAED.
|capable of being pleaded.
|the right to be heard before another; precedence at the bar among lawyers.
|an act or instance of predicating.
|occurring before the commencement of studies in law.
|premeditate > PREPENSELY.
|serving to prescribe; (law) acquired through uninterrupted possession > PRESCRIPTIVELY.
|to sentence in advance.
|a jury's statement to a court of matters within its knowledge.
|a preliminary trial.
|the act of proving; also, that which proves anything; proof.
|testing, affording proof > PROBATIVELY.
|next, as in prochein ami, a legal term.
|wanting sufficient evidence to induce belief; not proved.
|to pursue by law.
|of the nature of a proviso; containing a proviso or condition > PROVISORILY.
|in Scots law, a reply to a TRIPLY.
|in Scots law, a reply made to a defendant's quadruply.
|to set aside or annul.
|rancel ransel ranzel
|a search for stolen goods.
|an arguing over again, as of a motion made in court.
|taking back by peaceable means goods, children, etc from someone who has no right to detain them.
|a disqualification of oneself as a judge.
|to refuse or reject, as a judge; to challenge that the judge shall not try the cause.
|to hear again; to try a second time; as, to rehear a case in Chancery
|to indict again.
|a sharp and clever answer; in law, the defendant's answer to the plaintiff's reply/replication.
|to judge again; to reexamine.
|the act of remanding.
|to surrender a claim.
|to plead again > REPLEADS, REPLEADING, REPLEADED or REPLED.
|a second pleading, or course of pleadings; also, the right of pleading again.
|to recover, or restore to the owner (goods distrained) upon pledge to try the right in legal proceedings.
|in Scots law, an action to prove a witness perjured or biased.
|the act of rescinding.
|to sentence again.
|to testify again.
|a second trial.
|to try (esp. judicially) a second time.
|the action of claiming back or recovering something by a formal claim.
|the revival of a suit which was abated by the death of a party or other cause.
|destitute of rule; lawless.
|an old spelling of SEIZE, still used legally in sense of to put in possession of property.
|to declare judicially the extent of punishment to be imposed.
|the act of declaring judicially the extent of punishment to be imposed.
|to set apart; to seize by authority of a writ.
|the settlement of a debt by a debtor making a counterclaim against his creditor.
|in Scots law, to offer a rejoinder.
|to stay, as judicial proceedings; to delay or suspend.
|a compensation (as money) given as solace for suffering, loss, or injured feelings > SOLATIA.
|the act of becoming surety for another.
|an ambush, esp. by the police of criminals.
|liability to be sued; the state of being subjected by law to civil process.
|that may be sued > SUABLY.
|to substitute for another with regard to a legal right or claim.
|the act of SUBROGATING.
|to prosecute at law.
|the ability to be sued.
|to issue with a summons.
|relating to or regulating expense; relating to the control or moderation of extravagance.
|a private agreement among creditors, under a trust-law, to supersede or sist diligence for a certain period.
|the state of being surety.
|to reply, as a plaintiff to a defendant's rebutter.
|a plaintiff's evidence or presentation of evidence, in response to a defendant's rebuttal.
|in law, a plaintiff's reply to defendant's rebutter.
|to reply, as a plaintiff to a defendant's rejoinder.
|a law plaintiff's reply to defendant's rejoinder.
|a suspect > SUSES; (verb) to arrest for suspicious behaviour > SUSSES, SUSING or SUSSING, SUSED or SUSSED.
|to arrest for suspicious behaviour.
|a determining; as, in OYER and TERMINER.
|a witnessing or witness.
|on the authority or testimony of (a specified person). [Ablative of L. testis, witness].
|to make a declaration of truth under oath.
|evidence; (verb, Shakesp.) to testify.
|fit or possible to be tried; liable to be subjected to trial or test.
|in Scots law, to reply to a DUPLY.
|to write one's name at the foot or end of, as a letter or any legal instrument.
|to deprive of the authority or character of law.
|not purged, e.g. of crimes.
|the act of annulling in law.
|to arrest someone for vagrancy
|in words > VERBALLY; (noun) an oral statement made to the police; (verb) to take such a statement > VERBALS, VERBALLING, VERBALLED.
|the decision of a jury at the end of a legal proceeding.
|vicious in the specific legal sense of impaired, nullified by a flaw.
|consenting to the risk of injury.