Now updated for CSW19. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.
|a spicy pickle made primarily from mango, used in Indian cooking.
|the Indian mulberry tree, aka noni.
|a ceremony in which candles dipped in ghee are lighted and offered to various deities > ARTIS, AARTIS.
|in India, a knee-length coat with a high collar.
|an Indian nursemaid.
|a wardrobe, chest of drawers.
|the strawberry finch, a small Indian song bird, commonly caged and kept for fighting.
|a fibre-yielding plant of E. Indies, aka KENAF.
|a spiked elephant goad.
|a low-value copper coin.
|the adjutant stork of India. [Hindustani hargila].
|the Indian water-buffalo.
|bablah babul babool
|a species of acacia from which gum arabic is obtained.
|a native clerk who writes English; also, a Hindu title answering to Mr. or Esquire.
|bael bel bhel
|a thorny Indian tree.
|bajra bajri bajree
|in the Indian subcontinent, pearl millet or a similar grain.
|a daughter-in-law, especially one who lives with her husband's family when married.
|a spicy Indian dish.
|a coloured silk or cotton handkerchief or headscarf with white or yellow spots.
|a rhesus monkey.
|in India, a general strike.
|a rigid ring as a bracelet or anklet. [Hind. bangli (orig.) a coloured glass bracelet.]
|bania banian banyan
|an Indian fig tree with vast spreading branches; a Hindu trader.
|a spiritual father.
|the Indian swamp-deer. [Hindi 'twelve horn'].
|a dessert made from milk solids and sugar.
|a type of long grain rice.
|a hand rolled cigarette > BEEDIES, BIDIS.
|a land measure in India.
|in India, forced labour.
|brother; a form of address for a man.
|bhajee bhagee bhaji
|in Indian cookery, an appetizer consisting of vegetables cooked in batter.
|bharal burrel burrell burhel burrhel
|a Himalayan blue sheep.
|an Indian dish of puffed rice with onions.
|OKRA as used in Indian cookery.
|an Indian water-carrier > BHISHTIS.
|a dish sautéed in oil and a mix of spices.
|a small whirlwind.
|a dot worn on the forehead by women in India.
|a pedlar; a businessman.
|a member of the highest Hindu caste.
|a female BRAHMAN.
|a travelling dealer in grain and salt in S. India.
|a large and commodious, but generally cumbrous and sluggish boat, used for journeys on the Ganges > BUDGEROS.
|a lightly-built house, properly one with a veranda and one storey.
|an (Indian) corn-merchant.
|a flimsy hut, a squatter colony. [Hindi basti].
|champac champak champaca
|an E. Indian tree of the magnolia family, sacred to Hindus.
|a kind of shell, sliced into bangles for Hindu women.
|chapati chapatti chappati chupati chupatti
|a thin flat piece of unleavened bread.
|a type of open sandal worn in India.
|the resinous exudation of hashish, a narcotic and intoxicant.
|an earthen pot, porous to keep water cool > CHATTIS or CHATTIES.
|a novice in Buddhism.
|a hunting cat of Africa.
|a slatted blind. [Hindi ciq].
|an Indian gazelle
|chikhor chikor chukar chukor
|an Indian partridge.
|the part of a hookah containing the bowl and tobacco-balls. [Hindi chilam].
|the axis deer.
|a prison.[Anglo-Ind, from Hindi cauki, caukidar].
|a boy; a household or regimental servant.
|a girl; a female household or regimental servant.
|a short, close-fitting blouse worn under a sari.
|little, as in chota peg, a little drink.
|in India, an assessment equal to a fourth part of the revenue, extracted by the Mahrattas as blackmail.
|a marketplace > CHOWKS.
|a whisk to keep off flies, used in the East Indies.
|chukka chukkar chukker
|a period of play in polo. [Hindi cokkar, a circular course].
|a thin flat piece of unleavened bread > CHUPATTIES.
|as in CHURIDAR pyjamas, long tight-fitting trousers worn by Indian men and women > CHURIDARS.
|a warm or spicy condiment or pickle made in India, compounded of various vegetable substances, sweets, acids, etc.
|coss koss kos
|a measure of distance.
|the chief constable of an Indian town.
|cowage cowhage cowitch
|a leguminous climbing plant of the genus Mucuna, having crooked pods covered with sharp hairs, which stick to the fingers, causing intolerable itching. [Hindi kavach].
|an Indian unit of counting: ten million. [Hindi karo].
|In India, a person whose assets are worth at least one crore or a million rupees.
|a waistband, a sash. [Hindi kamarband, a loinband].
|(coll.) easy, comfortable. [Hindi khush, pleasant].
|cutcha kacha kachcha kuchcha kutcha
|made of dried mud, makeshift.
|cutcherry kacheri kachahri cutchery
|an Indian magistrate's office or courthouse.
|daal dahl dal dhal dholl
|an Indian name for a lentil.
|in Indian cookery, a round metal box used to transport hot food > DABBAS.
|an Indian bandit.
|dacoitage dakoiti dakoity
|robbery by DACOITS, gang-robbers.
|in India, an office, esp. a military orderly room; a bundle of documents.
|in India, the mail or post; a letter. [Hindi dak, a relay of men].
|a structure over a place where a holy person was buried or cremated.
|a blessing conferred by touching or seeing a holy person.
|a genus of solanaceous plants, with large funnel-shaped flowers and a four-celled, capsular fruit. [Hindi dhatura].
|(Sl.) a look; (verb) to take a look. [Hindi dekho look (imperative)].
|(in India) a roadside cafe.
|a leguminous tree of eastern India and Myanmar, with showy orange or red flowers.
|a building having a religious or charitable purpose, a free or cheap lodging for travellers.
|a method of collecting a debt in which the person who is owed money sits on the debtor's doorstep until payment is made, or the debtor starves to death.
|a large cylindrical drum used in Indian music.
|dhooly dooly doolee doolie
|a kind of litter suspended from men's shoulders, for carrying persons or things; a palanquin.
|dhooti dhootie dhoti dhuti
|a Hindu loincloth.
|a cotton rug made in India.
|dingey dinghy dingy
|Originally, a native rowing-boat in use upon Indian rivers.
|a military cooking-pot.
|a small oil lamp used in Hindu worship, esp at Diwali.
|an interpreter. [Hindi dobashi, do (two) + bhasha, language].
|a perennial, creeping grass, aka dog's tooth, highly prized, in Hindostan, as food for cattle.
|characterized by an unbalanced state of mind [spoken form of Deolali, India, where British soldiers who had completed their tour of duty were sent to await transportation home].
|a silk or muslin shawl.
|in India, meat or fish cooked in onion sauce > DOPIAZAS.
|an Indian pancake made from rice flour > DOSAI or DOSAS.
|a heavy coarse durable twilled cotton, usually coloured.
|a small one-horse carriage.
|an alcoholic spirit produced in Goa from coconuts or cashew nuts.
|a resinous form of marijuana.
|garial gavial gharial
|an Indian crocodile with a long snout. [Hindi ghariyal, crocodile].
|a thin balsam or wood oil derived from the Diptcrocarpus laevis, an East Indian tree. It is used in medicine, and as a substitute for linseed oil in the coarser kinds of paint.
|a kind of wild ox, aka SELADANG
|an Indian domesticated ox.
|in India, a wheeled vehicle for hire.
|(in India) a mountain pass; a landing stage; a place for cremation.
|(in India) the surrounding or trapping of a person, e.g. an employer in a room or building, till demands are met; (verb) to carry out such an action.
|as in ghubar numeral, any of a set of numerals forming the stage between ancient Hindu numerals and present-day Arabic numerals.
|gingal jingal gingall jingall
|a large Chinese or Indian swivel-musket. [Hindi janjal].
|gingeli gingelly gingelli gingili jinjili
|the sesame seed or its oil. [Hindi jinjali].
|a cabbage or cauliflower.
|a rich source of wealth (from the ruined city of Golconda near Hydebarad, once famous for diamond-cutting).
|a hired thug, esp. one in the hire of a political party.
|an unrefined cane sugar.
|an Indian term of respect.
|in Indian cookery, meat.
|a legume grown for forage and its seeds which yield guar gum.
|a strong coarse jute fabric. [Hindi gani, sack].
|a coarse Indian muslin. [Hindi garha, thick].
|a sweet Indian dish.
|a monkey with a bristly face.
|in India, a general strike.
|asafoetida, a fetid gum resin.
|a kind of thin cotton fabric, especially with one side glazed. [Hindi Jagannath (now Puri) in India, its place of origin: cf. JUGGERNAUT.]
|jaggary jaggery jagghery jagra
|a coarse dark sugar.
|jaghir jaghire jagir
|in Pakistan, a village or district the government and revenues of which are assigned to some person, usually in consideration of some service to be rendered, esp. the maintenance of troops.
|the holder of a JAGHIR.
|victory (to). No —S.
|in Indian cookery, denoting a hot-flavoured dish of meat or vegetables stir-fried with green chillis and spices. No —S.
|jawari jowar jowari
|Indian millet, aka DURRA.
|Usu. in pl.: long riding-breeches, wide around the hips but close-fitting from knee to ankle. [From JODHPUR in India].
|a resourceful approach to problem-solving.
|an Indian snack of pastry with a spicy filling.
|a salad of chopped onion, tomato, cucumber, and (sometimes) other vegetables.
|a wok-like copper utensil used in Asian cookery.
|kamala kamela kamila
|the red dusty hairs of the capsules of an East Indian tree used for dyeing silk. It is violently emetic, and is used in the treatment of tapeworm.
|an Indian grass related to sugar-cane.
|a venomous snake of India.
|keddah kheda khedah
|an enclosure used for the capture of wild elephants.
|a dish of baked fish, boiled rice, and eggs.
|in Indian cookery, minced beef.
|kellaut khilat khalat killut
|a robe of honour.
|homespun cotton cloth.
|a house-steward or butler in India.
|a crop sown before the monsoon to ripen in autumn.
|in India, a pit, hollow, ravine.
|a loose-fitting Indian tunic.
|the commandant of a fort or garrison.
|in India, a small, usually family-owned shop selling groceries and other sundries.
|a kind of Indian peasant.
|minced and seasoned meatballs.
|a mild curry
|a broad curved Gurkha knife.
|Miss (as a title of respect).
|a red powder used by Indian women.
|a concretionary limestone in India. [Hindi kankar, stone].
|a dark red resin.
|a unit of counting: one hundred thousand.
|a long-tailed Asian monkey.
|an East Indian sailor.
|a body of armed Indian tribesmen.
|a drink based on sour milk, popular in the East.
|in India, a heavy stick.
|to plaster with cow-dung.[Hindi lipna].
|in India, a small brass or copper pot.
|lungee lungi lungyi
|in India, a long cloth used as a loin cloth, turban etc.
|a raised platform, esp. in a tree, to watch for game.
|a chief Hindu priest.
|a RAJA over other RAJAS. [Literally, 'great king'].
|the wife of a MAHARAJA. [Literally, 'great queen'].
|an Indian elephant driver.
|a large freshwater fish. [Hindi mahasir].
|mahua mowra mowa mahwa
|a kind of butter-tree with edible flowers.
|in Indian cookery, cooked in butter or cream.
|a string of beads or knots used in prayer.
|one of the gardener class in India.
|a big market > MANDIS.
|a Hindu or Jain temple.
|a Sikh of low caste.
|in India, the practice of painting designs on the hands, feet etc using henna > MEHNDIS.
|in the Indian subcontinent, a Hindu festival or fair. [Hindi, from Sanskrit mela, assembly].
|an Indian honorific, lady sahib.
|as in moong bean or mung bean, a kind of bean.
|a secretary, interpreter.
|a hostile demonstration against the government. [Hindi 'entrenchment'].
|muggar mugger muggur
|a broad-snouted Indian crocodile. [Hindi magar].
|a fine, soft muslin.
|a state of frenzied sexual excitement. [Hindi masth, intoxicated].
|an Asiatic bird. [Hindi maina].
|a European who has amassed a fortune in the East.
|a female NABOB, a European who has amassed a fortune in the East.
|an entertainment in India consisting chiefly of dancing by professional dancing girls.
|the rank of corporal in the Indian army.
|a fine cotton fabric. [Hindi nainsukh].
|nala nalla nallah nulla nullah
|a ravine, a watercourse. [Hindi nala].
|a kind of Indian bread.
|an entertainment in India consisting chiefly of dancing by professional dancing girls.
|neem neemb nim nimb
|an East Indian tree.
|nilgai nilghai nilgau nilghau nylghai nylghau
|a kind of antelope. [Hindi 'blue cow'].
|the title of the native sovereigns of Hyderabad, in India, since 1719.
|the office of a NIZAM.
|(Hindi) (in India) the withdrawal of certain banknotes from use as currency; demonetization.
|a present to a superior.
|a Muslim lord. [Hindi umra].
|pachak putchock putchuk
|false ginger root.
|pachisi parchesi parchisi parcheesi
|a game, somewhat resembling backgammon, originating in India.
|pagri puggaree pugaree puggree pugree puggery puggry
|a turban, a light scarf worn round a hat to keep out the sun.
|an Indian coin, 1/100 of a RUPEE > PAISE or PAISAS.
|pakka pukka pucka
|an Indian dish of chopped vegetables fried in batter.
|a leguminous tree of eastern India and Myanmar, the DHAK tree.
|five elders, council of five that is the basis for Indian village government.
|a soft white cheese used in Indian cookery.
|a flat round cake of unleavened bread, traditionally eaten as an accompaniment to Indian food.
|a division of an administrative district in ZILLAH in India.
|an Indian assembly.
|peepul pipul pipal
|the bo tree.
|petara pitara pitarah
|in India, a travelling box for clothes.
|in the Indian subcontinent: a professional robber and assassin of travellers and others; a Thug.
|a sound like a bullet; (verb) to make this sound. [Hindi phatna, to split].
|an Indian coin, 1/4 anna. No —S. [Hindi paisa].
|a mercenary freebooter troublesome in India.
|the nose flute of the Hindus. [HIndi pugi].
|in India, a small round cake fried in vegetable oil.
|in India, a person appointed to propagate a cause through personal contacts, meetings etc.
|(in India) a chief or leader.
|pultan pulton pultoon pultun
|an Indian infantry regiment.
|a light keelless boat used on the Ganges.
|a large palm-leaf fan suspended from the ceiling used esp. in India.
|a flat-bottomed boat used on the Ganges.
|a long strip of cloth wound round lower leg, especially as part of army uniform.
|an Indian dish, a mild curry. Also KORMA.
|ragee ragi raggee raggy
|a kind of millet.
|an Indian dish of chopped vegetables in yogurt. [Hindi rayta.]
|an Indian peasant.
|a system of peasantry in India.
|an Indian ruler.
|the head of a state or states union in the Democratic Republic of India.
|a Rajput prince.
|an Indian queen.
|a traditional Hindu form of decoration on floors and doorsteps, forming patterns of coloured sand and riceflour.
|an Indian dessert made of cheese, milk and almonds > RASMALAIS. [Hindi ras, juice, + malai, skin formed on a hot liquid when it cools].
|a four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage or chariot.
|a four-wheeled carriage drawn by horses or bullocks.
|the rich black soil of the Indian subcontinent
|an efflorescence of salts on soil in India.
|a kind of East Indian grass from which an aromatic oil is distilled.
|a cake of unleavened bread.
|an Indian currency unit.
|the standard unit of currency of Indonesia.
|in Indian cookery, spinach.
|one of a number of spiritual practices or disciplines which lead to perfection, these being contemplation, asceticism, worship of a god, and correct living.
|an Englishman or other European as addressed or spoken of by Indians.
|a lady SAHIB.
|a large tree of N. India.
|sambar sambhar sambhur sambur
|a large deer.
|in India, an organisation or committee of workers.
|a small, fried pastry turnover stuffed with spiced vegetables.
|a kind of pre-wedding party in a Hindi or Sikh marriage.
|an association promoting unity between different groups in Hindusim.
|sannyasi sannyasin sanyasi
|a Hindu ascetic or hermit who lives by begging.
|in Sikhism, a devout person, a saint.
|an Indian stringed insrument, played like a fiddle.
|the principal garment of a Hindoo woman, a long piece of cloth, which is wrapped round the middle of the body, a portion being arranged to hang down in front, and the remainder passed across the bosom over the left shoulder.
|an Indian instrument like a cello.
|an elected head of a village council in India. [Hindi sar, head + panca, five].
|a large red-headed crane found from India to the Philippines.
|ribbed lustred wool.
|in India, an army, esp. used of paramilitary organisations representing various castes.
|a unit of weight in India.
|an Indian food of deep-fried strands of flour.
|an Indian millet-like cereal; an Indian song-bird.
|shamiana shamianah shamiyanah
|in India, a large tent, awning or canopy.
|to wash the hair with a special preparation. [Hindi capna to squeeze].
|in India, a man's knee-length coat buttoning up to the chin.
|a light flat-bottomed boat used in Kashmir.
|a small sparrowhawk.
|a papilionaceous Indian timber tree or its wood. [Hindi sisu].
|a Hindu banker.
|a province in India.
|subadar subahdar subedar
|a viceroy; provincial governor; sepoy company commander.
|an E. Indian plant with tough fibre used in cordage.
|a coarse uncoloured cotton (from Surat, in India).
|a Hindu mystic.
|a siliceous substance sometimes found in crude form in hollows of bamboos, used in Eastern medicine.
|an Indian percussion instrument, a pair of small drums.
|in India, a division of a district for revenue and certain other purposes.
|one who administers a TASIL or TEHSIL.
|talooka taluk taluka
|a large estate; esp. one constituting a revenue district or dependency the native proprietor of which is responsible for the collection and payment of the public revenue due from it. [Hindi ta'alluq, estate].
|a proprietor of a TALUK, a large estate.
|tana tanah tanna tannah thana thannah thanah
|a police station.
|an officer in charge of a TANA, a police station.
|a type of Indian cooking in which meat, vegetables etc. are baked over charcoal in a clay oven.
|a piebald variety of the horse, native of Tibet.
|tasar tussor tussore tussar tusseh tusser tussah tussur
|a fawn-coloured silk made from wild Indian silkworms.
|a large Indian kettledrum worn hanging round the neck.
|tava tavah tawa
|a griddle in Indian cookery.
|an ornamental stand, usually with three legs, having caddies for holding tea.
|a wide-brimmed ventilated hat. [From the Tarai, India].
|murder and robbery by thugs.
|a meal consisting of several small meat or vegetable dishes accompanied by rice, bread, etc., and sometimes by a starter or a sweet > THALIS.
|a violent ruffian.
|a red mark on the forehead of Hindu women.
|denoting a dish of meat or vegetables marinated in yoghurt and spices.
|the sesame plant (source of food and oil).
|the fermented sap of various palm trees. [Hindi tari].
|an Indian unit of weight. [Hindi from Skr. tula, weight].
|a light two-wheeled Indian vehicle. [Hindi tanga].
|an Indian tree of the mahogany family. [Hindi tun].
|a tropical pith helmet.
|in the Indian subcontinent, a sacred Buddhist gateway, consisting of a pair of uprights with one or more (usu. three) crosspieces and elaborate carving.
|a kind of basil, sacred in Indian belief.
|an Indian sabre.
|a kind of Indian bean.
|an Indian agent.
|a tropical orchid. (Hindi vanda, mistletoe).
|veranda verandah viranda virando
|a roofed gallery, terrace, or open portico along the front or side of a building.
|a person who is associated with a particular work or who performs a particular duty or service - usually used in combination.
|in the Indian subcontinent: a measure of distance.
|in India, a type of landowner.
|zamindari zamindari zemindari zemindary
|the jurisdiction of a ZAMINDAR.
|zila zillah zilla
|an administrative district in India.
|long live, used in slogans.