Association of British Scrabble Players

German


abitur in Germany, the final-year school examinations.
ablaut vowel change in related words, esp. that in Indo-European, which survives in English in, e.g., sing, sang, sung, song.
abseil to descend a rock face using a double rope, to rappel.
affenpinscher a kind of dark, wiry, shaggy dog with a tufted muzzle.
albumblatt a short occasional instrumental composition
alpenhorn alphorn a long powerful horn made of wood, used by Alpine cowherds.
alpenstock a long staff, pointed with iron, used in climbing the Alps.
althorn an instrument of the saxhorn family, used exclusively in military music, often replacing the French horn.
amelcorn a variety of wheat from which starch is produced.
amtman amman in Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands and Scandinavia, a district magistrate.
angst a state of morbid fear or anxiety, common among Scrabble players drawing their opening rack.
anlage the first discernible rudiment of an organ > ANLAGES or ANLAGEN.
aufgabe a task set as an experiment etc > AUFGABES (though the proper German plural would be AUFGABEN*).
augend a number to which another number is added. [Ger. from L. augere, to increase].
aurochs an extinct wild ox.
ausform to deform, quench, and temper a metal.
auslander a foreigner.
autobahn motorway > AUTOBAHNEN or AUTOBAHNS.
bacharach a wine from Bacharach, on the Rhine.
backfisch a young girl, a flapper.
bebung a tremolo effect produced on the clavichord.
bergenia any of various perennial plants of the genus Bergenia, of the saxifrage family. [From K. A. von Bergen (1704—60), Ger. physician & botanist].
bergfall a fall of mountain rock.
bergmehl a powdery deposit of diatom frustules. [Ger. = 'mountain flour'].
bergschrund a crevasse formed where a glacier or snowfield moves away from a mountain wall.
berlin berline a four-wheeled covered carriage. [Named after the city].
bierkeller a beer cellar.
bildungsroman a psychological novel dealing with the early moral development of the protagonist. [Ger. bildung, formation, + roman, novel].
bilharzia a disease caused by infection with blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma. [From Theodor Bilharz (1825—62), Ger. physician].
bitte please.
blende a zinc sulphide, often containing some iron.
blitz to attack or damage (as if) by an air raid; to deal with or complete by a burst of intense activity. [G. blitz, lightning].
blitzkrieg a rapid advance in warfare. [G. blitz, lightning, + krieg, war].
blucher a leather half-boot. [From L. von Blücher (1742-1819), Prussian general].
blutwurst a kind of German sausage.
boehmite a mineral present in BAUXITE. [From Johann Böhm (1895—1952), Ger. chemist].
bratwurst a type of German sausage.
bremsstrahlung electromagnetic radiation given off when an electron collides with a positive nucleus.
bummel a stroll; a leisurely journey.
burgrave the commander of a German town or castle.
capellmeister kapellmeister a choir or orchestra leader.
carabiner karabiner a steel link with a clip on side used in mountaineering.
centner an old unit of weight equal to about 110 pounds.
clavier klavier the keyboard of a musical instrument.
coburg a thin single-twilled worsted fabric with cotton or silk; a kind of loaf. [From Coburg in Germany].
creutzer kreutzer kreuzer a small copper coin formerly used in South Germany; also, a small Austrian copper coin.
crimmer krimmer tightly curled grey or black fur from a Crimean lamb.
dachshund a breed of dog. [G. Dachs, badger, + Hund, dog].
diktat a harsh settlement forced on the defeated or powerless.
dirndl an Alpine peasant woman's dress.
docent a college or university teacher or lecturer; a person who leads guided tours esp. through a museum or art gallery.
doppelganger a ghostly counterpart of a living person.
dreikanter a three-faced pebble worn by wind. [Ger. Drei, three, + Kante, angle].
druse a rock cavity lined with crystals. [Ger. Druse, from Czech druza a piece of crystallized ore].
dummkopf a stupid person.
durchkomponiert durchkomponirt having the music especially adapted to each stanza.
echt genuine, authentic.
edelweiss a white Alpine flower of the composite family. [G. edel, noble + weiss, white].
eigenmode a normal mode of vibration of an oscillating system.
eigentone a tone characteristic of a particular vibrating system.
einkorn a variety of wheat.
eiswein a sweet German wine made from grapes that have frozen on the vine.
emmer a primitive strain of wheat.
enzian a type of SCHNAPPS flavoured with gentian roots, drunk in the Tyrol.
erlking a spirit that does mischief or evil, esp. to children. [Ger. Erlkonig, alder-king].
ersatz a substitute; a supplementary reserve.
fahlband in crystalline rocks, a stratum rich in metals.
fahlerz fahlore any grey copper ore of the system whose typical forms are TETRAHEDRITE and TENNANTITE.
fehm vehm a mediaeval German court > FEHME, VEHME.
feldgrau field-grey, the colour of German military uniforms.
festschrift a volume of writing by different authors presented as a tribute or memorial esp. to a scholar.
fidibus a paper spill for lighting a pipe etc.
firn granular ice formed by the recrystallization of snow. [Ger. firn, of last year].
flaser an irregular streaky lenticular structure developed in metamorphic rocks. [G, dial. form of Flader streak, vein].
flugel a grand piano or a harpsichord, both being wing-shaped.
flugelhorn a bugle with valves.
flugelman fugleman a leader (esp. political); the lead soldier for a company.
flysch a thinly-bedded sedimentary deposit consisting of shales and marls alternating with coarser strata such as sandstones and conglomerates.
foehn fohn a hot dry wind that blows down Alpine valleys.
formant a component of a speech sound determining its particular quality.
fractur fraktur a German style of black letter, the normal type used for printing German from the 16th to the mid 20th cent.
frankfurt frankfurter frankfort a small smoked sausage.
frau woman, housewife.
fraulein miss.
fuehrer fuhrer a leader.
fundie fundy a member of the radical wing of the German Green party.
funkia any plant of an Asiatic genus allied to the day-lilies, now called HOSTA. [From a German botanist].
gau a German political district.
gauleiter an overbearing wielder of petty authority.
gauss a unit of magnetic flux density equal to 1/10000 TESLA. [From K. F. Gauss (1777—1855) Ger. mathematician].
gegenschein a soft light in sky opposite sun.
geist spirit; intellectual inclination.
gelande as in gelande jump, a jump made in downhill skiing
gemeinschaft a spontaneous social relationship characterized by strong reciprocal bonds of sentiment and kinship within a common tradition.
gemshorn a chamois horn; an early wind instrument.
gemutlich agreeably pleasant: comfortable.
gemutlichkeit the quality of being GEMUTLICH; geniality; cosiness.
gesellschaft a rationally developed mechanistic type of social relationship characterized by impersonally contracted associations between persons.
gestalt a form, shape, pattern, organized whole > GESTALTS or GESTALTEN.
gestapo any secret police organization > GESTAPOS.
gesundheit your health (said to someone who has just sneezed).
gewurztraminer a variety of Traminer grape grown esp. in the Rhine valley, Alsace, and Austria; the mildly spicy white wine made from this grape.
gibel a kind of carp, aka Crucian carp. [Ger. Giebel, earlier Gibel.]
glockenspiel a musical instrument, a set of bells. [G. Glocken, bells, + Spiel, play].
gluhwein a hot sweetened spiced red wine, as prepared in Germany.
gneiss a foliated usu. coarse-grained metamorphic rock typically consisting of feldspar, quartz, and mica.
graben a rift valley.
graupel precipitation consisting of granular snow pellets. [Ger. graupeln, to sleet].
greisen a rock composed of quartz and mica.
groschen a small German monetary unit.
haff a lagoon separated from sea by a long sand-bar. [Ger. Haff, bay].
hamburg hamburger a patty of ground beef.
hasenpfeffer a well seasoned rabbit stew. [G. Hase, hare, + Pfeffer, pepper].
hausen a large sturgeon from the region of the Black Sea, aka BELUGA.
hausfrau housewife > HAUSFRAUS or HAUSFRAUEN.
heil interjection: hail!; (verb) to salute.
heimish homelike.
heldentenor a tenor with striking dramatic quality suitable for heroic roles. [G. Held, hero].
herrenvolk a master race.
hexerei witchcraft.
holstein a breed of cattle. [From Holstein, a region in N. Germany].
homburg a man's felt hat. [From Homburg, a town near Wiesbaden, western Germany.]
hornfels a compact type of rock composed of lime silicates.
horst horste a mass of the earth's crust that lies between two faults and is higher than the surrounding land. [From MHG hurst, thicket].
howitzer a short relatively light gun for the high-angle firing of shells at a low velocity. [Ger. Haubitze, from Czech houfnice, a sling].
humpen a type of enamelled or painted glass drinking vessel made in Germany.
huso the great sturgeon > HUSOS. [OHG huso].
inselberg a steep-sided round-topped mount, usu. of granite or gneiss, rising above the general level of plain eroded bedrock > INSELBERGE or INSELBERGS. [Ger. 'island mountain'].
jaeger jager yager a huntsman.
junker a young German noble or squire; esp., a member of the aristocratic party in Prussia.
kaffeeklatsch an informal social gathering for coffee and talk.
kaiser an emperor.
kaiserin the wife of a kaiser.
kamerad to surrender.
kaput kaputt finished, done for.
karst a landscape composed of limestone features including sinkholes, caves, and underground streams.
katzenjammer a hangover; distress; clamor; uproar. [Ger. Katze, cat + Jammer, distress, wailing].
kegeler kegler a bowler. [Ger. Kegel, skittle].
kieselguhr kieselgur siliceous earth; specifically, porous infusorial earth, used as an absorbent of nitroglycerin in the manufacture of dynamite.
kinchin (thieves's slang) a child. [Ger. Kindchen].
kindergarten a nursery school.
kinderspiel a children's cantata or play.
kirsch kirschwasser an alcoholic spirit distilled, chiefly in Germany and Switzerland, from the fermented juice of cherries.
kitsch trash; sentimental popular art.
klang a complex tone, composed of fundamental and harmonics.
klangfarbe tone-colour; timbre.
klatch klatsch in N. America, a coffee party or other social function.
knackwurst knockwurst a kind of highly seasoned sausage.
knawel a cornfield weed of the chickweed family. [Ger. Knauel].
knosp an ornament in the form of a bud. [Ger. Knospe, bud].
kobold a mischievous elf in German folklore, found esp. in mines.
kohlrabi a variety of cabbage > KOHLRABIES or KOHLRABIS.
kraft a type of strong brown wrapping paper.
kriegspiel kriegsspiel a game in which miniature characters and blocks represent armies, ships, etc. as they move around on a drawing of a battlefield, used to simulate war; a form of chess where players see only their own pieces.
krumhorn krummhorn an ancient double-reed wind instrument. Aka CRUMHORN, CROMORNA, CROMORNE, CREMONA.
krummholz stunted forest typical of the timberline.
kuchen a yeast-raised coffee cake > KUCHEN.
kultur culture, civilisation.
kummel a cumin-flavoured liqueur.
kursaal a public hall or room, for the use of visitors at watering places and health resorts in Germany.
lammergeier lammergeyer a large European bird of prey, aka bearded vulture.
landau a horse-drawn carriage with folding top.
landgrave a German nobleman of a rank corresponding to that of an earl in England and of a count in France.
landler a S. German dance, like a slow waltz (the a has an umlaut).
landsknecht lanzknecht a mercenary foot-soldier of the 16th century.
langlauf cross-country skiing or running.
lauf a run in a bobsleigh contest.
lauwine lawine an avalanche.
lebensraum additional territory deemed necessary to a nation, especially Nazi Germany, for its continued existence or economic well-being; generally, adequate space in which to live, develop, or function.
lebkuchen a biscuit containing honey and spices > LEBKUCHEN.
lederhosen short leather trousers with braces.
lehrjahre an apprenticeship.
leitmotif leitmotiv a leading motif: a recurring theme in a novel, musical signature for something.
lied a song > LIEDER.
loden a thick waterproof woollen cloth.
loess fine-grained wind deposit of clay, sand, and silt.
luger a German make of gun.
lumpen relating to dispossessed people who have been cut off from the social and economic class to which they would normally belong; (someone) belonging to the underclass. [G. Lumpenproletariat (the lowest section of the proletariat), from Lumpen, rag].
maar a volcanic crater without a cone, usually filled by a lake.
machtpolitik power politics.
marchen a story or fable, a folk-tale > MARCHEN.
margrave originally, a lord or keeper of the borders or marches in Germany. [Ger. MARKGRAF].
meerschaum hydrated magnesium silicate occurring as a soft white or yellowish claylike mineral; aka SEPIOLITE. [G. Meer, sea, + Schaum, foam].
meister an expert in a particular activity.
minnesinger a troubadour-like poet of medieval Germany.
mispickel arsenical iron pyrites; aka ARSENOPYRITE.
mordent a rapidly alternating a tone with one half-tone lower; a reverse trill. [Ger. fr. Ital. mordente].
muesli a dish of rolled oats, nuts etc. eaten as a breakfast cereal.
nazi a type of fascist. [Ger. short form of Nationalsozialist, National Socialist].
neanderthal an unenlightened or uncouth man. [From Neander valley in western Germany near Düsseldorf, where bones of a Neanderthal man were first discovered in 1856].
nebenkern a two-stranded helical structure of the proximal tail region of a spermatozoon.
neuston minute organisms floating or swimming on water's surface. Cf. SESTON.
oflag a German prison camp for officers.
olm a blind, cave-dwelling, eel-like salamander of Europe. [Ger. Olm].
orfe a kind of carp.
osnaburg a coarse linen or cotton. [Alt. of Osnabrück, a town in northern Germany].
ostmark the standard monetary unit of the DDR, prior to reunification.
panzer a German tank.
patzer potzer an inept chess player. [Ger. Patzer, a blunderer].
penke a minnow. [Ger. Pinke].
pennal a freshman at a German university. [L. pennale, pen-case].
pfennig pfenning a small copper coin of Germany, the hundredth part of a mark > PFENNIGE or PFENNIGS; PFENNINGS.
pickelhaube the spiked helmet worn by German or Prussian soldiers before World War I.
pilsener pilsner a light-coloured flavoursome variety of lager.
pinscher a breed of large dog.
pluton a mass of rock solidified under earth's surface. [Back-formation from German plutonisch].
poltergeist a spirit believed to manifest itself by making noises and moving physical objects.
pokal a tall drinking cup.
posaune the trombone.
pretzel a crisp salted biscuit made in a rope shape.
prusik a type of rope sling used in climbing; (verb) to climb by using such a sling. [From Karl Prusik, Austrian mountaineer who devised the method].
pumpernickel a kind of rye bread.
putsch a sudden revolutionary outbreak. [Swiss German: thrust, blow].
quersprung in skiing, a jump-turn at right angles.
quetsch a spirit distilled from the fermented juice of plums. [Ger. dialect Quetsch, wild plum].
rackett an old wind instrument of the double bassoon kind, having ventages but not keys. [Ger. Rackett, Rankett].
rappen a monetary unit of Switzerland. No —S. [Ger. 'raven'].
raschel a type of light loosely knitted cloth. [Ger. Raschelmaschine, a kind of knitting-machine].
rathskeller a usually basement tavern or restaurant. [Ger. Rat, council, + Keller, cellar].
realo a member of the less radical section of the German Green party.
realpolitik politics based on practical, rather than moral or ideological, considerations; practical politics.
realpolitiker one who practises REALPOLITIK.
reichsmark a German unit of currency.
reiter a German cavalry soldier.
riesling a type of grape grown esp. in Germany.
rinderpest an infectious disease of ruminants, esp. oxen.
ritter a German or Austrian knight or mounted warrior; a member of the German or Austrian minor nobility.
rontgen roentgen the international unit of dose of X-rays. [From German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845—1923), discoverer of the röntgen rays or X-rays].
rottweiler a large powerful breed of dog. [From Rottweil a town in SW Germany].
saibling a European mountain trout, aka TORGOCH.
salband a crust or coating of mineral.
sapsago a hard green Swiss cheese. [Ger. schabziger, 'scrape-cheese'].
sarin a compound of phosphorus used as a lethal nerve gas.
sauerbraten a dish of German origin consisting of beef marinaded in vinegar with peppercorns, onions, and other seasonings and then cooked. [Ger. 'sour roast meat'].
sauerkraut cabbage cut fine and allowed to ferment in a brine made of its own juice with salt.
schadenfreude enjoyment gained from others' troubles.
schalstein a slaty diabase tuff. [G. Schale skin, shell + Stein stone].
schappe a fabric of waste silk, with gum etc. partially removed by fermentation; (verb) to subject to this.
schiller a phenomenon whereby a metallic-like shimmering is seen just below the surface when the so-characterized material is viewed from certain directions under reflected light; play of color.
schimmel a roan horse.
schlager a duelling sword used in some German universities.
schlich the finer portion of a crushed ore, as of gold, lead, or tin, separated by the water in certain wet processes.
schliere one of a set of visible streaks of different density in a fluid, or streaks of different color or composition in igneous rock > SCHLIEREN.
schloss a castle, palace, manor-house.
schmelz schmelze a kind of glass of a red or ruby color, made in Bohemia.
schnapps schnaps shnaps shnapps a kind of brandy.
schnauzer a German breed of wire-haired terrier.
schnecke a sweet bread roll, containing nuts and flavoured with cinnamon > SCHNECKEN.
schnell quick.
schnitzel a thin veal cutlet fried in butter.
schnorkel snorkel to swim underwater using a breathing-tube.
schorl shorl tourmaline, esp. black tourmaline.
schottische an old polka-like round dance.
schrecklich horrible.
schuss in skiing, a straight slope on which it is possible to make a fast run; to make such a run.
schusser one who makes SCHUSSES, fast runs on a straight skiing slope.
schwa shwa a vowel sound, like "a" in alone or "e" in linen, that in English often appears unstressed.
schwarmerei excessive or unwholesome sentiment.
schwarzlot a type of black enamel decoration on glass, porcelain etc.
seidel a large glass for beer.
sekt a sparkling wine.
seltzer naturally effervescent mineral water; artificially carbonated water. [Ger. Selterser (literally, from Selters), after Selters, a village near Wiesbaden in Germany where such springs were discovered.]
seston (the living organisms present in) fine particulate matter suspended in water. Cf. NEUSTON.
shabrack shabracque a trooper's housing or saddle-cloth.
singspiel a semi-dramatic play in dialogue and song.
sitzkrieg (virtual) stalemate in warfare.
sitzmark a depression left in snow after a skier has fallen backwards.
smearcase smiercase cottage cheese.
sontag a woman's knitted cape, tied round the waist. [From the German singer Henriette Sontag, 1806 - 1854].
spaetzle spatzle (in Jewish cooking) a small dumpling.
spatlese a sweet white wine made from grapes harvested after the main vintage. > SPATLESES or SPATLESEN.
speise speiss a mixture of impure arsenides and antimonides of nickel, cobalt, iron, etc., produced in the smelting of esp. cobalt ores.
spiegel spiegeleisen an iron alloy used in the Bessemer process. [Ger. Spiegel, mirror].
spitz a Pomeranian dog.
sprachgefuhl sensibility to conformance with or divergence from the established usage of a language; a feeling for what is linguistically effective or appropriate.
sprechgesang a style of vocal delivery introduced by Schoenberg.
sprechstimme music using the SPRECHGESANG form of vocalization.
spritz to spray (liquid).
spritzer a drink of (white) wine and soda water.
spritzig sparkling (of wine); (noun) a usu. sparkling white wine.
stalag a German camp for prisoners of war.
steinbock steinbok the Alpine ibex. Aka STEMBUCK, STEENBOK.
stempel a cross-timber in a shaft. [Ger. STEMPEL]. Also STEMPLE.
stockwork a mass of veins, impregnations, etc of ore that can be worked as one deposit. [Ger. Stockwerk].
stollen a rich sweet German bread made with raisins etc. and coated with icing sugar. [Ger. Stollen, prop, strut, from the shape].
strafe straff to rake with machine-gun fire from low-flying aircraft. [Ger. strafen, to punish].
strass a paste for making false gems. [From Josef Strasser (fl. 18th cent.), the inventor.]
streusel a crumb-like cake or pie topping: flour, sugar, butter, and nuts. [Ger. streuen, to sprinkle].
strudel a very thin pastry enclosing fruit, cheese etc. [Ger. Strudel, eddy, whirlpool].
stummel a bowl and adjacent part of a pipe.
sylvaner a German grape used in making white wine.
tabun an organic phosphorus compound, which can be used as a nerve gas.
taler thaler an obsolete German silver coin.
talweg thalweg a line following the lowest point of a valley; the middle of a navigable waterway used as boundary line. [Ger. thal (valley) + weg (way)].
taube a German monoplane with recurved wings.
teckel a dachshund.
tendenz tendency, esp. in musical composition > TENDENZEN.
torte a rich cake made of many eggs, little flour, and usually containing nuts > TORTEN or TORTES.
trocken of wine, dry.
trommel a revolving sieve for cleaning or sizing minerals. [Ger. Trommel, drum].
tusche a black substance used for drawing in lithography and as a resist in etching and silk-screen work.
uhlan ulan a light cavalryman in semi-oriental uniform; a Prussian lancer.
umlaut (verb) to place an umlaut over.
umwelt environmental factors collectively
unberufen an exclamation to avert ill luck following boasting.
urtext the original or earliest version of a text, such as a musical composition or literary work.
verboten forbidden.
volkslied a popular song, or national air > VOLKSLIEDER.
vorlage the position of a skier leaning forward from the ankles, usually without lifting the heels from the skis.
wacke an old name for a decomposed basalt. [Ger, from OHGer wagge, a pebble].
waldflute an organ flute stop of 4 feet in length.
waldgrave wildgrave a former German title of count; a head forest ranger.
waldgravine the wife of a WALDGRAVE.
waldhorn a French valveless hunting horn.
waldrapp the hermit ibis of N. Africa and the Middle East. [Ger. 'wood-crow'].
waldsterben disease and death in forest trees and vegetation as a result of atmospheric pollution.
wanderlust an urge to travel from place to place.
wasserman a man-shaped sea monster > WASSERMEN.
wedel wedeln to ski in a swiveling motion with skis close together.
weimaraner a breed of grey short-haired gun dogs.
weiner wiener a frankfurter, a small smoked beef or pork sausage.
wels a large fish, the American giant catfish, introduced into European rivers, aka sheatfish.
weltanschauung a comprehensive conception or apprehension of the world, esp. from a specific standpoint: world-view > WELTANSCHAUUNGS.
weltschmerz mental depression or apathy caused by comparison of the actual state of the world with an ideal state; a mood of sentimental sadness.
wienerwurst a kind of sausage.
wisent the European bison.
wolfram an alternative name for TUNGSTEN.
wurst a large sausage.
wurzel a variety of beet. [Ger. Wurzel, root].
yodel yodle jodel to sing or shout changing rapidly from normal to falsetto.
zander a European pike perch allied to the WALLEYE.
zeitgeber an environmental agent or event (as the occurrence of light or dark) that provides the stimulus for setting or resetting an organism's biological clock.
zeitgeist the general intellectual, moral and cultural climate of an era.
zeppelin a dirigible, cigar-shaped airship of the type designed by Count Zeppelin (c.1900).
zingel a freshwater percid fish, having an elongated body with dark mottling on the back, found in central European rivers such as the Danube.
zinke an old wind instrument, like a cornet.
zither zithern a musical instrument of strings stretched over a horizontal sounding board and plucked with a plectrum.
zizel the ground-squirrel. [Ger. Ziesel, chipmunk].
zugzwang a situation in a chess game in which a player is forced to make an undesirable or disadvantageous move.
zwanziger an old Austrian silver coin, equivalent to twenty kreutzers.
zwieback a usu. sweetened bread that is baked and then sliced and toasted until dry and crisp.
zwischenzug in chess, a temporizing move (i.e. a delay in capturing, usually via a check).



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