Now updated for CSW19. New words, if any, and new inflections of existing words, are shown in red.
|having the appearance or consistency of sand.
|sandy; containing much sand.
|containing clay; clay-like.
|a heavy, sticky black soil such as that covering large areas of Texas.
|blaes blaise blaize
|a kind of clay, livid or red in colour. N.B. these do not take an —S.
|relating to clay.
|a clay containing sand and a good deal of iron; any clay used for brick-making.
|a clayey alluvium used for brick-making.
|a prairie soil.
|clayey > CALMIER, CALMIEST.
|cam caum calm
|pale bluish-grey clay; (verb) to whiten with this.
|a red clay of the Upper Missouri region, the sacred pipestone of some indigenous American peoples.
|a very fertile soil of sub-humid steppe. [Russian 'black earth'].
|of or like clay > CLAYIER, CLAYIEST.
|partaking of the nature of clay, or containing particles of it.
|a layer of stiff, compact, relatively impervious clay which is not cemented (unlike CALICHE or HARDPAN).
|an indurated clay.
|a deposit of superficial loam, sand, gravel, stones, etc., caused by former action of flowing waters, or the melting of glacial ice. The pl. of DILUVIUM is DILUVIA or DILUVIUMS.
|of or pertaining to the soil.
|the study of soils.
|clay or mud from thermal springs in Italy, used in curing gout. [Ital. fango, mud]. Pl. FANGOS.
|a sticky clay soil.
|the process of making a GLEI.
|having undergone GLEYING.
|the development of GLEY, a sticky clay soil.
|a mixture of rock fragments that is coarser than sand; (verb) to cover with gravel > GRAVELED/GRAVELLED.
|of or like GRAVEL.
|a dark sticky clay, formed by the weathering of boulder clay or glacial drift.
|(Swedish) sediment found on a lake bottom.
|a relatively hard layer of soil at or just below the ground surface, cemented by silica, iron oxide, calcium carbonate, or organic matter.
|of or like HUMUS, the generally dark, more or less stable part of the organic matter in a soil.
|a dark brown or black colloidal mass of partially decomposed organic matter in the soil. Pl. HUMUSES.
|having much HUMUS > HUMUSIER, HUMUSIEST.
|relating to ILLUVIUM, material removed from soil layer by rainwater and deposited in lower layer.
|to deposit ILLUVIUM.
|material removed from soil layer by rainwater and deposited in lower layer. PL. ILLUVIUMS or ILLUVIA.
|a soft diatomaceous earth used as an absorbent in explosives, a filtering medium, etc.
|a highly weathered red soil rich in iron and aluminum oxides, typically formed in a tropical to temperate climate where intense chemical weathering is common.
|consisting of, containing, or characterized by, LATERITE; as, lateritic formations.
|to convert into LATERITE.
|a tropical soil.
|of or like LATOSOL, a tropical soil.
|permitting liquids to pass by percolation; porous > LEACHIER, LEACHIEST.
|a type of soil.
|to cover with loam.
|the state of being LOAMY.
|having no loam.
|like loam, fertile soil > LOAMIER, LOAMIEST.
|a fine-grained wind deposit of clay, sand, and silt.
|loessal loessial loessic
|relating to LOESS, a fine-grained wind deposit of clay, sand, and silt.
|a calcareous loam used in making brick.
|calcareous loam; earth of this kind, formerly used for making brick.
|resembling MALM > MALMIER, MALMIEST.
|a mixture of clays, carbonates and ground-up shells used as a fertilizer; (verb) to marble.
|marl with 25% to 75% clay, plus chalk.
|partaking of the qualities of MARLITE, marl with 25% to 75% clay, plus chalk.
|a sandy calcareous stratum, containing, or impregnated with, iron, and lying between the upper and lower Lias of England.
|of or like MARL > MARLIER, MARLIEST.
|a layer of HUMUS intermediate between MOR and MULL.
|HUMUS forming a discrete layer on top of the soil with little mineral soil mixed with it, characteristic of coniferous forests and generally strongly acid.
|a flow of mud.
|an avalanche of mud.
|a layer of humus formed by rapid decompostion, through the actions of a rich soil fauna, in near-neutral or alkaline conditions.
|a tough clayey gravel used as road metal in tropical Africa.
|a buried soil horizon of the geologic past.
|vegetable matter partly decomposed in wet acid conditions in bogs and fens to form a firm brown deposit resembling soil.
|of or like PEAT > PEATIER, PEATIEST.
|a type of soil, typical of a humid region.
|a generic term used to describe the soils typically found in an arid or semiarid region.
|of or like PEDOCAL.
|the process of soil generation. Pl. PEDOGENESES.
|relating to PEDOGENESIS, the process of soil generation.
|soil conditions prevailing in area whose mean annual temperature is 0o C.
|a fine white clay forming a ductile paste with water, used esp. for making tobacco-pipes and whitening leather etc; (verb) to whiten with pipeclay.
|a type of soil.
|a leached soil formed in cool, humid climates.
|podzolization podzolisation podsolisation
|the process by which soils are leached of bases and become acidic.
|relating to PODZOL, a leached soil formed in cool, humid climates.
|podzolize podzolise podsolise podsolize
|to make into a PODZOL, a leached soil formed in cool, humid climates.
|the rich black cotton soil of the Indian subcontinent.
|a type of soil.
|an efflorescence of salts on soil in India.
|a fertile soil-type derived from calcium-rich bedrock.
|sandy; gritty; growing in sandy places. [L. sabulum, sand].
|of or like sand > SANDIER, SANDIEST.
|a type of soil, grayish at the top and brownish below, based on a carbonate or hardpan layer. [Russian 'grey earth'].
|a fine deposit of mud, clay, etc., esp. one in a river or lake; (verb) to fill or become filled with silt.
|full of silt > SILTIER, SILTIEST.
|unconsolidated materials above bedrock.
|the turbulent movement of saturated soil or surficial debris.
|a pale or grey soil type found in arid to subhumid, poorly drained conditions.
|an alkaline soil-type having a hard dark subsoil under a thin friable topsoil. Pl. SOLONETSES, SOLONETZES.
|relating to SOLONETZ, a soil type.
|the surface layer of soil in which topsoil formation occurs. Pl. SOLUMS.
|a type of ashy soil.
|a dark earthy deposit formed under prehistoric pile-dwellings in Italy. Pl. TERRAMARE, not TERRAMARAS*. But TERRAMARE is also a singular, see below, with pl. TERRAMARES.
|a reddish-yellow acid soil.
|a stratum of clay lying beneath a coal bed, often containing the roots of coal plants, especially the Stigmaria.
|the soil beneath the surface; subsoil.
|a type of clayey soil.
|in Shetland, peaty soil; clayey, sandy or fibrous peat. [ON jorfi, gravel].