Association of British Scrabble Players

Amino Acids

alanin alanine an amino acid, a common constituent of proteins.
arginine one of the essential amino acids.
asparagine an amino acid found in asparagus and other vegetables.
aspartic as in aspartic acid, an amino acid found in young sugar-cane, etc, and formed by the hydrolysis of ASPARAGINE.
bombesin a combination of amino acids.
citrulline an amino acid formed as an intermediate in the production of urea.
cystein cysteine an amino acid that oxidizes to CYSTINE.
cysteinic relating to CYSTEINE.
cystine the dimer resulting from oxidation of the amino acid CYSTEINE, that forms a disulphide bridge in proteins, esp. KERATIN.
deaminate deaminise deaminize to remove the amino acid from a compound. N.B. there is no AMINATE*, AMINISE* or AMINIZE*.
dipeptide a PEPTIDE formed by the combination of two amino acids.
domoic as in domoic acid, a poisonous amino acid found in marine algae.
dopa a naturally-occurring amino acid, a form of which, L-dopa, is used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.
ethionine an amino acid.
glutamic glutaminic as in glutamic acid, an important amino acid, a constituent of most proteins.
glutamine a neutral amino acid found in proteins.
glycin glycine the simplest amino acid, present in proteins, a sweetish colourless crystalline solid first prepared from glue, formerly known as GLYCOCOLL.
glycocoll another name for GLYCINE.
histidin histidine an amino acid found in proteins.
hydroxyproline an amino acid.
isoleucine an essential amino acid.
leucin leucine an essential amino-acid, a product of protein hydrolysis.
lysine an amino acid.
methionine an essential sulphur-bearing amino acid.
penicillamine an amino acid obtained from penicillins, used especially in the treatment of cystinuria, rheumatoid arthritis, and poisoning by metals (as copper or lead).
peptid peptide any of a number of substances formed from amino acids in which the amino group of one is joined to the carboxyl group of another.
peptidic relating to a PEPTIDE, a combination of amino acids.
phenylalanin phenylalanine an essential amino-acid present in most proteins.
proline an amino acid commonly occurring in proteins.
serine a polar amino acid found in protein and synthesized in the body.
threonine an essential amino acid.
tryptophan tryptophane an essential amino acid.
tyrosine an amino acid formed by decomposition of proteins, first obtained from cheese.
valine an amino acid essential to health and growth in humans and vertebrate animals.

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