Association of British Scrabble Players

Afrikaans/South African

aardvark a nocturnal, insectivorous, badger-sized mammal, native to sub-Saharan Africa. [Afk. aardvark(en) (now erdvark), f. aarde earth + varken pig.]
aardwolf a hyena-like African mammal, aka EARTHWOLF.
aasvogel a S. African vulture. [Dutch = 'carrion bird'].
agterskot the final payment to a farmer for crops.
apartheid segregation and separate development (of races).
baas boss.
baaskaap baasskap baaskap the condition in which one section of the population is treated as the master race, esp. the policy of domination of white people in South Africa.
backveld country remote from towns.
berg a hill or mountain in S. Africa.
bakgat fine, excellent.
bakkie a small open truck.
banket a gold-bearing pebbly conglomerate. [Dutch banketje, almond rock].
berghaan the bateleur eagle. [Afrik. berg, mountain, + haan, cock].
bijwoner bywoner the sub-tenant of a farm; an agricultural labourer. [Dutch bijwonen, to be present].
biltong a kind of dried meat.
blaubok bloubok a South African antelope, the bluebuck.
blesbok blesbuck a South African antelope, having a large white spot on the forehead.
bliksem fine, excellent.
bobbejaan a baboon; a large black spider.
boerewors a traditional S. African sausage > BOEREWORSES.
boep a protruding belly.
boerbul boerbull a crossbred mastiff used esp as a watchdog.
boet boertjie a friend.
bok a goat or antelope.
bokmakerie a large yellow shrike.
bontebok the pied antelope of South Africa, aka BLESBOK.
boomslang a highly venomous southern African tree-snake. [Du. boom, tree, + slang, snake].
bosberaad a meeting in an isolated place to break a political deadlock.
bosbok boschbok boshbok a kind of antelope, a bush-buck.
boschveld bushveld veld made up largely of woodland.
boykie a chap or fellow.
braai to grill or roast meat over open coals > BRAAIS, BRAAIING, BRAAIED.
braaivleis a barbecue party.
brak brackish, salty; (noun) a mongrel dog.
bredie a meat and vegetable stew.
brei brey to speak with uvular r, especially in Afrikaans.
broekies underpants.
brommer brummer the bluebottle.
bru a friend.
chakalaka a relish of tomatoes, onions and spices.
chommie a friend, chum.
chorrie a dilapidated old car.
couzin a friend.
craal kraal a pen for cattle; (verb) to enclose in such a pen.
dassie a small mammal, the hyrax. [Dutch dasje, dim. of das, badger].
dikkop the stone curlew.
dinges dingus an indefinite name for any person or thing whose name one cannot remember.
disselboom the single shaft of an ox-wagon or other cart.
doek a square cloth for tying round the head, worn by African women.
dof stupid.
donder to beat up, thrash.
doorn a thorn.
doppie a cartridge-case. [Dutch dop, shell, case].
dorp a S. African village or small town.
dronklap a drunkard.
dronkverdriet depressed after the consumption of alchohol.
drostdy the house and office of a LANDDROST > DROSTDYS or DROSTDIES.
drummy a drum majorette.
dumela hello, good morning.
duiker duyker a small S. African antelope.
eina an interjection expressing sudden pain.
dwaal a state of befuddlement.
eish interjection expressing surprise, dismay.
flatstick with great speed or effort.
fricadel frikkadel a fried ball of mincemeat.
fynbos in South Africa, an area of low shrubs > FYNBOSES. [Dutch fijn, fine + bosch, bush].
gammat a Cape Coloured person.
gatvol fed up.
geelbek a yellow-jawed fish
gemsbok gemsbuck a South African antelope, having long, sharp, nearly straight horns.
gogga an insect, a creepy-crawly.
grysbok a small South African antelope, speckled with gray and chestnut. [Dutch 'grey buck'].
haanepoot hanepoot honeypot a kind of grape. [Dutch haane-poot, cockfoot].
hadedah a lare greyish-green ibis.
hamba go away.
hammerkop a bird of the heron family. [Dutch 'hammer-head'].
handlanger an unskilled assistant to a tradesman.
hartbees hartebeest hartbeest a large S. African antelope.
howzit a greeting, how is it going.
inspan to yoke e.g. oxen to a vehicle.
isit an expression used in response to a statement, sometimes to seek confirmation but often merely to show that one is listening.
jaap a simpleton or country bumpkin.
jambok sjambok a rhinoceros-hide whip; (verb) to beat with this. N.B. SJAMBOKED/SJAMBOKING and SJAMBOKKED/SJAMBOKKING, but only JAMBOKKED/JAMBOKKING.
jinne+ jirre an exclamation indicating surprise, shock etc.
jol to have a good time > JOLS, JOLLING, JOLLED
joller one who JOLS, has a good time
jong a friend, esp. as an address
jukskei an outdoor game similar to quoits. [Afrik. yuk, yoke + skei, pin].
kaal naked.
kabeljou kabeljouw a large S. African fish.
jaap a simpleton or country bumpkin.
kak faeces, rubbish.
kaross A S. African garment of animal skins.
kerel a chap or fellow
kiaat a tropical leguminous tree
kiff excellent.
kingklip any of several marine food fishes.
klap to slap or smack.
kleinhuisie an outside lavatory.
klipdas the Cape HYRAX, an African mammal, like a woodchuck but more closely related to ungulates. [Dutch = 'rock badger'].
klipspringer a small, hoofed African antelope.
kloof a deep ravine in South Africa.
konfyt a preserve of fruit, in syrup or candied.
kop a hill.
kopje koppie a low hill.
kotch to vomit.
krans krantz kranz a crown of rock on a mountain-top. [Dutch krans, a wreath].
kurvey to transport goods by wagon. [Dutch karwei, work].
laager a defensive ring of ox-wagons; (verb) to arrange wagons in such a ring.
laer = LAAGER, a camp; (verb) to make camp.
landdros landdrost in South Africa, a district magistrate or sheriff.
lapje lappie a rag or piece of cloth.
lekker pleasing, tasty
loslyf a promiscuous female.
lowveld the lower altitude areas of the eastern Transvaal.
mampara a foolish person.
mampoer home-made brandy distilled from peaches, prickly pear etc.
marabi a kind of music popular in townships in the 1930s.
mealie mealy mielie an ear of maize.
mevrou a title of respect for a woman
middelmannetjie a ridge between the ruts made by wheels in a dirt road.
moer a despicable person; (verb) to attack someone
moffie a homosexual
mooi fine.
mosbolletje in S. Africa, a sweet bun made of dough leavened with grape must.
moskonfyt a thick syrup made from grapes.
naartje nartjie naartjie a small sweet orange like the mandarin. [Afk. f. Tamil narattai citrus].
nachtmaal an older form of NAGMAAL, a Dutch Reformed Church Sacrament, the Lord's Supper.
nadors thirst brought on by excessive consumption of alcohol.
nagapie the bush-baby or nocturnal lemur. [Dutch 'night ape'].
nagmaal a Dutch Reformed Church Sacrament, the Lord's Supper. [= 'night meal'].
nek a COL, a pass over mountains.
nkosi a term of address to a superior.
nooit an interjection expressing surprise.
oom uncle.
opgefok damaged, bungled.
oribi ourebi a small South African antelope.
oubaas someone senior to oneself
ouma a grandmother
oupa a grandfather
outspan to unharness a draft animal.
padkos snacks and provisions for a journey.
palmiet a S. African aloe-like riverside plant of the rush family.
pampoen a pumpkin.
perlemoen a sea creature with a shell lined with mother-of-pearl
plaas a farm
platanna the African clawed frog.
platteland rural districts.
poep a fart, a despicable person
poepol a slang word for the anus
poort a mountain pass.
potjie a three-legged iron pot used for cooking over a wood fire.
pronk of a springbok, to leap in the air. [Du. pronken, to show off].
ratel an African badger, aka honey-badger.
reebok rhebok a S. African antelope.
regmaker a drink taken to counterct the effect of a hangover
reitbok the reedbuck.
riem a raw-hide thong.
riempie a long RIEM about the width of a shoelace, used as string.
ringhals rinkhals an African snake that spits its venom > RINGHALSES, RINKHALSES.
rondavel in S. Africa, a round hut with a grass roof. [Afrik. rondawel].
rooibos a kind of tea prepared from the dried leaves of an African plant
rooikat a S. African lynx
rooinek an Afrikaans nickname for an English-speaking person. [Afrikaans = 'red neck'].
sarmie a sandwich.
schanse schantze schanze a heap of stones used as protection against rifle-fire.
schelm skelm a rascal.
shweshwe an African cotton print fabric.
sies an interjection expressing disgust.
sif syphilitic, nasty.
sitkamer a sitting-room
sjoe an interjection expressing surprirse, admiration etc.
skeef at an oblique angle
skollie skolly a coloured hooligan.
skyf a cigarette or substance for smoking; (verb) to smoke > SKYFS, SKYFING, SKYFED.
sloot sluit in S. Africa, a narrow water-channel.
smaak to like or love.
smouser in S. Africa, a pedlar.
snoep tight-fisted.
sosatie a skewer of curried meat pieces.
soutie soutpiel derogatory for an English-speaking S. African.
spekboom a South African succulent shrub of the purslane family. [Dutch 'bacon tree'].
spanspek a tough-skinned melon
spaza as in spaza shop, a small shop in a township. No —S.
springhaas springhase a S. African nocturnal rodent.
spruit a small stream flowing only in the wet season.
staffrider a person who illegally rides on the outside of a suburban train.
steenbras an edible estuarine S. African fish. [Dutch = 'stone bream'].
steenbok steinbok steenbuck a small S. African antelope. [Du. steen, stone + bok, buck].
stokvel in S. Africa, an informal savings pool or syndicate.
stompie a cigarette butt; a short man.
stukkend broken or wretched.
suiplap a drunkard.
taal language, usu. by implication Afrikaans.
tannie aunt, a title of respect for older woman.
taal language, usu. by implication Afrikaans.
toebie a sandwich
tronk jail
tsotsitaal street slang.
ubuntu a quality of humanity and compassion
uitlander a foreigner, esp. a Briton in the Transvaal
veld veldt open grassland. [Afrikaans veld, from Dutch veld, field].
veldschoen veldskoen velskoen a shoe made of rawhide.
verkramp in South Africa, narrow-minded and illiberal esp. towards black and coloured people. Cf. VERKRAMPTE.
verkrampte in South Africa, (one who is) narrow-minded and illiberal esp. towards black and coloured people. Cf. VERKRAMP, but VERKRAMPTE can be a noun with plural VERKRAMPTES.
verlig politically liberal. Cf. VERLIGTE.
verligte in South Africa, (one who is) liberal, politically enlightened. Cf. VERLIG, but VERLIGTE can be a noun with plural VERLIGTES.
vetkoek a deep-fried cake.
vlei vly low-lying ground where a shallow lake forms in the wet season.
voema vigour.
voertsak voertsek voetsak voetsek an offensive expression of rejection.
volk the Afrikaner people.
volksraad a legislative assembly, esp. (with cap.) that of the Transvaal or Orange Free State.
voorkamer a front room, esp. of a farmhouse
voorskot advance payment made to a farmer for crops
voortrekker one of the Dutch farmers from Cape Colony who took part in the Great Trek into the Transvaal in 1836.
vrot rotten, putrid
vrou a woman, esp. a married woman
waboom wagenboom a South African proteaceous tree; also, its tough wood, used for making wagon wheels. [Dutch = 'wagon-tree'].
wena you.
whenwe a white immigrant from Zimbabwe.
witblits a strong home-distilled alcoholic spirit. [Afr. wit, white + blits, lightning].
witgat witgatboom a South African evergreen tree with edible roots used as a coffee substitute when roasted. [Afk., f. wit, white + gat, hole].
yebo yes, I agree.
zol a cannabis cigarette.

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